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William Law, Wilson Law, Charles 
Ivins, Francis M. Higbee, Chauncey L. 
Higbee, Robert D. Foster, Charles A. 




All worldly shapes shall meet in gloom, 
The sun himself shall die, 

Before this mortal shall assume 
Its immortality! 

I saw a vision in my sleep, 

That gave my spirit strength to sweep 
Adown the gulf of time! 

I saw the last of human mould, 

That shall creation’s death behold, 

As Adam saw her prime! 

The sun’s eye had a sickly glare, 

The earth with age was wan; 

The skeletons of nations were 
Around that lonely man! 

Some had expired in flight, — the brands 
Still rusted in their bony hands! 

In plagues and famine some! 

Earth’s cities had no sound nor tread; 
And ships were drifting with the dead 
To shores where all was dumb! 

Yet prophet like, that lone one stood, 
With dauntless words and high, 

That shook the sere leaves from the wood 
As if a storm pass’d by, — 

Saying, “We are twins in death proud Sun 
Thy face is cold, thy race is run, 

4 Tis mercy bids thee go. 

For thou ten thousand thousand years 
Hast seen the tide of human tears, 

That shall no longer flow. 

“What though beneath thee man put forth, 
His pomp, his pride his skill; 

And arts that made fire, flood, and earth, 
The vassals of his will; 

Yet mourn I not thy parted sway, 

Thou dim, discrowned king of day: 

For all those trophied arts 
And triumphs that beneath thee sprang, 
Healed not a passion or a pang 
Entail’d on human hearts. 

“Go, let oblivion’s curtain fall 
Upon the stage of men; 

Nor with thy rising beams recall 
Life’s tragedy again. 

Its piteous pageants bring not back 
Nor waken flesh, upon the rack 
Of pain anew to writhe; 

Stretch’d in disease’s shapes abhorr’d. 

Or mown in battle by the sword, 

Like grass beneath the scythe. 

“Ev’n I am weary in yon skies 
To watch thy fading fire; 

Test of all sunless agonies, 

Behold me not expire. 

My lips that speak thy dirge of death, 
Their rounded grasp and gurgling breath, 
To see thou shalt not boast. 

The eclipse of nature spreads my pall, 
The majesty of darkness shall 
Receive my parting ghost! 

“This spirit shall return to him! 

That gave its heavenly spark; 

Yet think not Sun, it shall be dim 
When thou thyself art dark! 

No it shall live again, and shine 
In bliss unknown to beams of thine, 

By Him recall’d to breath, 

Who captive led captivity, 

Who robbed the grave of victory, 

And took the sting from Death! 

“Go, Sun, while mercy holds me up 
On nature’s awful waste, 

To drink this last and bitter cup 
Of grief that man shall taste; 

Go, tell the night that nides thy face, 
Thou saw’st the last of Adam’s race, 

On earth’s sepulchral clod; 

The dark’ning universe defy 
To quench his immortality, 

Or shake his trust in God!” 




The Two Suitors. 

It was on a beautiful evening in 
summer, when, as the evening sun was 
hiding his red disk behind the distant 
mountains, and nature seemed sinking 
to a sweet repose, a horseman was 
jogging at a gentle pace down a lane, 

which led to the quiet village of E . 

He was a young man of about two 
and twenty, and with the ladies, might 
have passed for a tolerably handsome 
man. By the appearance of his horse 
he had been riding fast, which was 
pretty clearly accounted for in the fol- 
lowing exclamation, which fell from 
him as he slackened his pace: 

“To-morrow, then,” cried he, joy- 
fully, “to-morrow shall I be united to 
the lovely being, in whose hands now 
rests my future happiness — to-mor- 



VOL. I. ] 


[ NO. 1. 

But here his musings were inter- 
rupted by the clatter of horses’ hoofs, 
approaching at a swift pace behind 
him, and the next moment a horseman, 
muffled in a large cloak, reined up his 
steed, with a powerful jerk, at his side. 
They rode on for some distance in si- 
lence, until Henry, for that was our 
hero’s name, addressed him with — 

“A fine evening, sir!” 

“It is,” answered the stranger — 
whose features and accent denoted 
him to be a foreigner — “It is very 
fine.” Then, after a pause he con- 
tinued: “Being a stranger in this 
country, I should feel obliged, sir, if 
you would direct me to the village of 
E .” 

“Willingly,” replied Henry; “it is to 

E that I am going, and, if I shall 

not intrude, shall be happy to accom- 
pany you.” 

The stranger expressed his thanks, 
and, after a short time resumed: 

“I suppose you reside in E , 


“Why, not exactly a resident, but 
rather a frequent visitor, as you may 
suppose,” answered the light-hearted 
Henry, “when I tell you that the mag- 
net which attracts me is a lady.” 

“And by such a magnet,” replied 
the stranger, with a sigh, “I have been 
drawn from the sunny shores of Italy; 
attend awhile, and, in return for your 
confidence, you shall hear my story, 
and during its relation, our horses will 

“About a year ago, there came to 
Naples an old gentleman with his wife, 
who was an invalid, and a lovely 
daughter. They engaged a villa near 
the one in which I resided; I, thereby, 
became acquainted with the gentle- 
man, who invited me to his house; but 
as his daughter was constantly in at- 
tendance on her mother, I never could 
meet her. I called again and again 
for the same purpose, but was as often 
disappointed, until shortly after, the 
old lady dying, I. with some other 
neighbors, was nvited to the funeral. 
I saw her then in all the loveliness of 
woman’s sorrow, bending over her mo- 
ther’s grave, and thought that I had 
never beheld a being so beautiful. — 
From that moment I loved her, and 
resolved to solicit her hand. After 
waiting to allow her grief to subside, I 
called, and finding her alone, at once 
told her the state of my feelings regard- 
ing her; but she, with apparent grief 
for my disappointment, firmly rejected 
my advances. They quitted Naples 
suddenly, and I have not seen them 
since, but have followed them hither 
with the intention of again preferring 
my suit.” 

“And if, when you have found her, 
she is engaged to another?” 

The stranger’s brow darkened, and 
his eyes flashed fiercely, as he exclaim- 
ed, “It should not be! This hand 
would deprive him of the happiness 
denied to me.” 

“What! would you reduce the wo- 
man you loved to misery?” 

“Young man, you know not the fiery 
pangs of rejected love; or, at least, 
we, sons of the South, are warmer in 
such matters than you of this colder 

“Well, well! I wish you success, 
and will, if you allow me, mention 

your case to a friend at E , in 

whose house I shall sleep; probably he 
will be able to assist you in your search; 
by-the-bye, De Moncey has been in 
Italy, so I have no doubt will be de- 
lighted to have you for his guest; but 
here is the village. I will conduct you 
to the inn, as I intend leaving my horse 

The start given by the stranger, 
together with the ashy paleness which 
overspread his features, at the men- 
tion of the name of “De Moncey,” 
were unnoticed by the gay and un- 
suspecting Henry, who, spurring his 
horse, cantered gaily on to the inn. 

“De Moncey!” ejaculated the stran- 
ger. “Ha! this is well, my search is 
ended — but can it be De Moncey’s 
daughter to whom this gallant speeds? 
For his sake, I hope not; that, how- 
ever, I must ascertain.” 

They had now arrived at the inn, 
when Henry, having alighted, walked 
on to the house of De Moncey, prom- 
ising to call on the stranger early the 
next morning. 

The road to the mansion lay up an 
avenue of nearly a mile in length, and 
shaded on each side by a thick row of 
tall pines. He had now reached the 
house, and was proceeding to the door, 
when the tinkling of a guitar, in the 
garden, caught his ear. Guessing who 
was the musician, he entered the gar- 
den, and stealing behind a bower, he 
beheld, through the leaves, his belov- 
ed Adeline seated with her guitar. — 
He could refrain no longer, but rush- 

ing into the bower, clasped her to his 
breast. The blush which overspread 
her face at being thus caught, was dis- 
pelled by the joy of beholding him in 
whom her earthly happiness was cen- 

“Now, I declare,” said Adeline, 
playfully tapping his shoulder, “that 
you have become quite a truant! I 
have not seen you for more than a 
whole day.’’’’ 

“Sweetest,” replied Henry, em- 
bracing her, “you must forgive me; I 
staid but to settle some affairs now, 
that I might not again be torn from 
you — though I must confess that I 
should have been here earlier but for 
a companion I picked up on the road; 
nay, look not so hardly, Adeline, it 
was a man , and if you heard his story, 
you would, I have no doubt, forgive 
him the delay he caused me — but you 
shall hear it some other time.” 

Adeline, however, would rather 
hear it then. Henry, therefore, relat- 
ed the story of the stranger, and look- 
ing at Adeline, as he concluded, was 
surprised to find her in tears. 

“Dearest Adeline,” exclaimed he, 
taking her hand, “let it not affect you 
thus; he will, I dare say, be made hap- 
py, as you will make me to-morrow.” 

“Henry,” replied Adeline, with a 
deep sigh, “I am more concerned in 
this unhappy tale than you imagine; I 
have reason for supposing that I am 
the female of whom he is in search.” 

“You! Adeline?” 

“I have not mentioned this before, 
lest you should think me vain, but I 
will tell you now. You already know, 
my dear Henry, that my mother, being 
in a bad state of health, by the physi- 
cian’s advice, we went to reside at Na- 
ples. When we had been there but 
a short time, my father formed an ac- 
quaintance with an Italian nobleman, 
who, on the death of my mother, made 
me an offer in marriage; but, notwith- 
standing his wealth and handsome 
person, I felt that I could not love 
him, even if you had not already pos- 
sessed my affections. On my rejec- 
tion of his offer, he left the house in 
anger, and I did not see him again.” 
“’Tis strange — so exactly does it 
coincide — yet, Adeline, this may not 
be he.” 

“I hope not; still, I cannot but think 
it is.” 

“And if it is,” said Henry, fixing 
his eyes searchingly upon her, “and 
he should repeat his offers?” 

The eyes of Adeline, beaming with 
an expression of confidence, innocence 
and love, replied — “Yours till death.” 

He would have clasped her in his 
arms; but, at the instant, a rustling 
in the bushes near them caused them 
both to start from their seats. Ade- 
line, greatly terrified, clung to her lo- 
ver; who, after a time, hearing noth- 
ing else, attempted, though vainly, to 
calm her fears; but she begged him to 
conduct her into the house, which re- 
quest he very reluctantly complied 

Passing through one of the rooms, 
they encountered the father of Ade- 
line, who, having a pretty shrewd 
guess at the locality of Henry during 
the preceding hour, at least , did not 
think it necessary to inquire the cause 
of his late arrival. Before they enter- 
ed the drawing-room, where the guests 
who had been invited to the wedding 
were assembled. Adeline begged Hen- 
ry to acquaint her father with the sto- 
ry of the stranger. The old man ap- 
peared as much struck with the coin- 
cidence as his daughter had been; but 
seeing its effect upon her, promised to 

visit E in the morning, and if the 

stranger should prove to be the Italian, 
spare her the pain of an interview. — 
This arranged, they entered the draw- 
ing-room, where, in the pleasure of 
the evening the melancholy of Adeline 
was dispelled, and the stranger and his 
story alike forgotten. 

When Henry awoke the next morn- 
ing, the sun was shining brightly into 
his chamber, and the wild little vocal- 
ists without, chirping their merry songs 
of greeting to the day. He arose 
with the fondest anticipations of hap- 
piness; and hastily dressing, descend- 
ed to the garden, where he found De 
Moncey already awaiting him. Think- 
ing it the best time for their visit to 

E , they set out for that place, and 

were much surprised on arriving to 
learn that the stranger had already de- 
parted, whither they could not learn; 
but the man who had taken his horse 
on the preceding evening, informed 
them that, on Henry’s departure from 
the inn, “the strange gentleman had 
been moighty ’quisitive zurely; for,” 
said he, “he axed me all about yer 
honer and miss, and whether or noa 
there war’nt nobody as paid his ’dres- 

ses to her; so I up un told um that as 
how I b’lieved so, and that there was 
a weddin up there this morning. Lord 
love you, sir, he look’d the colour o’ 
old white Peggy there, till I thought 
the moil war gone crazy; but he starts 
off all at once towards yer honer’s 
house; so I thought, maybe, he was 
an old friend, and war in order ’cause 
yer honer didn’t ax him to the wed- 

“Well, my good fellow, did he not 
say anything at starting, this morn- 

“Oh, he war as grumpy as may be, 
an’ only ax’d the nearest way to the 
sea, so I told un the nearest , which, 
yer honer knows, lays clean over the 

De Moncey could not help smiling 
at the oddity of the direction; and, re- 
warding the man for his information, 
they returned home. 

“I have no longer any doubt, Henry, 
by the inquiries that he made, that it 
was my Italian friend, who, on finding 
the hopelessness of the case, and more- 
over that you, to whom he seems to 
have taken a liking, were his rival, 
has departed in despair.” 

They had now reached the house, 
when Henry, espying his beloved in 
the garden, ran to acquaint her with 
the result of their walk. She was 
greatly relieved by the news; and, with 
light hearts, they entered the break- 
fast-room. The breakfast was soon 
dispatched, and the joyous party set 
out on their journey to the church, 
which was situate at one end of the 
park, through which, as the cavalcade 
passed, it was saluted-by the glad 
shouts of the assembled tenantry, 
whose merry faces bore witness of the 
general joy, and added additional plea- 
sure to the good De Moncey. 

They had now arrived at the church; 
and the happy bridegroom handing 
out his blushing bride, they proceeded 
gaily up the little path which led to the 
door. In passing through the porch, 
Adeline slightly trembled. Henry 
stopped to kiss her hand; and, in an 
instant, a dagger from behind pierced 
him to the heart. He fell, and, mur- 
muring “Adeline,” expired. The be- 
reaved one, uttering a piercing shriek, 
fell senseless on the body of her belov- 
ed. The spectators, horror-struck, 
stood gazing vacantly at each other, 
until they were aroused by a voice in 
the crowd, crying “Seize him, seize 
him!” Turning, they beheld a figure 
rush along the path; and, springing on 
a horse tied up near the gate, dash off 
at full speed. Every one rushed sim- 
ultaneously out, and mounting every 
horse they could find, started in pur- 
suit. They pursued for some time, 
gaining rapidly on the fugitive, until 
he turned up a short lane, which ter- 
minated in a terrific precipice. 

“Hold! hold!” shouted the foremost 
of the pursuers, as they turned into 
the lane. “Would you follow him over 
the cliff?” “He must be dashed over 
before he can stop his horse.” A sharp 
cry of terror announced the truth of 
the prediction, and all was silent. 

In deep silence, each meditating on 
the events of the morning, they return- 
ed to the church, where they had left 
De Moncey and his daughter. The 
scene which presented itself was heart- 
rending in the extreme. The bereav- 
ed bride, not yet recovered from her 
swoon, was still extended on the life- 
less body of Henry; the old man bend- 
ing over this wreck of his fond hopes, 
absorbed in a sorrow too deep for tears. 

They bore with them the body of 
Henry back to the mansion of De Mon- 
cey, where, after a time, Adeline re- 
covered. But to what did she reco- 
ver? Better, far better, had she have 
died. It was too evident that, with 
the spirit of her lover, her reason had 
fled forever. Her father was, from 
that hour, never seen to smile. The 
cup of happiness, so cruelly snatched 
from his lips, had left him a heart-bro- 
ken man. 

The Sick Chamber.— Health and the 
Sun have been always sung and prais- 
ed; I will now celebrate sickness and 
shade. I will celebrate thee, bodily 
sickness, when thou layest thy hand on 
the head and heart of man, and sayest 
to the sufferings of his spirit, ‘Enough!’ 
Thou art called on earth an evil; oh! 
how often art thou a good, a healing 
balsam, under whose benign influence 
the soul rests after its hard struggles, 
and its wild storms are still! More 
than once hast thou prevented suicide, 
and preserved from madness. The 
terrible, the bitter words which des- 
troy the heart, are by degrees obliter- 
ated during the feverish dreams of ill- 
ness; the terrors which lately seemed 
so near us are drawn away into the 
distance; we forget — God be thanked 

— we forget! and when at last we a- 
rise with exhausted strength from the 
sick-bed, our souls often awake as out 
of a long night into a new morning.— 
So many things, during the illness of 
the body, conspire to soften the feel- 
ings; the still room; the mild twilight 
through the window curtains; the low 
voices; and then, more than all, the 
kind words of those who surround us; 
their attention, their solicitude, per- 
haps a tear in their eyes; all this does 
us good; and when the wise Solomon 
enumerated all the good things which 
have their time upon the earth, he for- 
got to celebrate sickness among the 

'•'■Better laugh than cry.” — So say 
we. It’s no use rubbing one’s eyes, 
and blubbering over all “the ills that 
flesh is heir to.” Red eyes caused by 
any thing but grief or its kindred are 
scandalous looking affairs. The best 
way is to “stand up to the rack,” and 
take the good things and the evil as 
they come along, without repining; 
and always cheering yourself with 
that philosophical ejaculation, “better 
luck next time.” 

Is dame fortune as shy as a weasel? 
Tell her to go to thunder, and laugh 
her in the face. The happiest fellow 
we ever saw, slept upon a plank — 
and hadn’t a shilling in his pocket, 
nor a coat to his back. 

Do you find “disappointment lurking 
in many a prize?” Then throw it 
away, and laugh at your own folly for 
pursuing it. 

Does fame elude your grasp? Then 
laugh at the fools that are so often her 
favorites. She’s of no consequence 
any how, and never buttered a piece 
of bread or furnished a man a clean 

Is your heart broken by 

“Some maiden fair, 

Of bright blue eyes and auburn hair?” 

Then thank your stars that you have 
escaped with your neck, and make 
the welkin ring with a hearty laugh. 
It lightens the weight of one’s heart 

Take our advice under all circum- 
stances; “drive dull care away.” Don’t 
be in a hurry to get out of the world, 
considering the creatures who inhabit 
it, and it is just about as full of fun as 
it can be. You never saw a man cut 
his throat with a broad grin on his 
face; it’s a grand preventative of sui- 
cide. There’s philosophy and reli- 
gion too, in laughing; it shows a clear 
conscience and gratitude for the good 
things of life, and elevates us above 
the bruit creation. So here goes for 
fun — and we’ll put in for our share 
while the ball is rolling, ha! ha!! 

We give place this week to the following 
Preamble, Resolutions and Affidavits, of 
the Seceders from the Church at Nauvoo. — 
The request is complied with on account of 
their deeming it very important that the 
public should know the true cause of their 
dissenting, as all manner of falsehood is 
spread abroad in relation to the schism in 
the Church. In our subsequent numbers 
several affidavits will be published, to sub- 
stantiate the facts alleged. Hereafter, no 
further Church proceedings will appear in 
our columns, except in the form of brief 
communications. — ED. 


It is with the greatest solicitude for 
the salvation of the Human Family, 
and of our own souls, that we have 
this day assembled. Feign would we 
have slumbered, and “like the Dove 
that covers and conceals the arrow 
that is preying upon its vitals,” for the 
sake of avoiding the furious and tur- 
bulent storm of persecution which 
will gather, soon to burst upon our 
heads, have covered and concealed 
that which, for a season, has been 
brooding among the ruins of our peace: 
but we rely upon the arm of Jehovah, 
the Supreme Arbiter of the world, to 
whom we this day, and upon this oc- 
casion, appeal for the rectitude of our 

If that God who gave bounds to the 
mighty deep, and bade the ocean cease 
— if that God who organized the phys- 
ical world, and gave infinity to space, 
be our front guard and our rear ward, 
it is futile and vain for man to raise 
his puny arm against us. God will 
inspire his ministers with courage and 
with understanding to consummate his 
purposes; and if it is necessary, he 
can snatch them from the fiery fur- 
nace, or the Lion’s den; as he did an- 
ciently the three Hebrews from the 
former, and Daniel from the latter. 

As for our acquaintance with the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day 
Saints, we know, no man or set of men 
can be more thoroughly acquainted 
with its rise, its organization, and its 

history, than we have every reason to 
believe we are. We all verily believe, 
and many of us know of a surety, 
that the religion of the Latter Day 
Saints, as originally taught by Joseph 
Smith, which is contained in the Old 
and New Testaments, Book of Cove- 
nants, and Book of Mormon, is verily 
true; and that the pure principles set 
forth in those books, are the immuta- 
ble and eternal principles of Heaven, 
and speaks a language which, when 
spoken in truth and virtue, sinks deep 
into the heart of every honest man. — 
Its precepts are invigorating, and in 
every sense of the word, tend to dig- 
nify and ennoble man’s conceptions of 
God and his atributes. It speaks a 
language which is heard amidst the 
roar of Artillery, as well as in the si- 
lence of midnight: it speaks a lan- 
guage understood by the incarcerated 
spirit, as well as he who is unfettered 
and free; yet to those who will not see, 
it is dark, mysterious, and secret as 
the grave. 

We believe that all men, professing 
to be the ministers of God, should 
keep steadily in view, the honor and 
glory of God, the salvation of souls, 
and the amelioration of man’s condi- 
tion: and among their cardinal virtues 
ought to be found those of faith, hope, 
virtue and charity; but with Joseph 
Smith, and many other official charac- 
ters in the Church, they are words 
without any meanings attached — worn 
as ornaments; exotics nurtured for 
display; virtues which, throwing aside 
the existence of a God, the peace, 
happiness, welfare, and good order of 
society, require that they should be 
preserved pure, immaculate and un- 

We most solemnly and sincerely 
declare, God this day being witness of 
the truth and sincerity of our designs 
and statements, that happy will it be 
with those who examine and scan Jo- 
seph Smith’s pretensions to righteous- 
ness; and take counsel of human af- 
fairs, and of the experience of times 
gone by. Do not yield up tranquilly 
a superiority to that man which the 
reasonableness of past events, and the 
laws of our country declare to be per- 
nicious and diabolical. We hope many 
items of doctrine, as now taught, some 
of which, however, are taught secret- 
ly, and denied openly, (which we 
know positively is the case,) and oth- 
ers publicly, considerate men will 
treat with contempt; for we declare 
them heretical and damnable in their 
influence, though they find many devo- 
tees. How shall he, who has drank of 
the poisonous draft, teach virtue? In 
the stead thereof, when the criminal 
ought to plead guilty to the court, the 
court is obliged to plead guilty to the 
criminal. We appeal to humanity and 
ask, what shall we do? Shall we lie 
supinely and suffer ourselves to be 
metamorphosed into beasts by the Sy- 
ren tongue? We answer that our 
country and our God require that we 
should rectify the tree. We have 
called upon him to repent, and as soon 
as he shewed fruits meet for repent- 
ance, we stood ready to seize him by 
the hand of fellowship, and throw 
around him the mantle of protection; 
for it is the salvation of souls we de- 
sire, and not our own aggrandize- 

We are earnestly seeking to explode 
the vicious principles of Joseph Smith, 
and those who practice the same abo- 
minations and whoredoms; which we 
verily know are not accordant and 
consonant with the principles of Jesus 
Christ and the Apostles; and for that 
purpose, and with that end in view, 
with an eye single to the glory of God, 
we have dared to gird on the armor, 
and with God at our head, we most 
solemnly and sincerely declare that 
the sword of truth shall not depart 
from the thigh, nor the buckler from 
the arm, until we can enjoy those glo- 
rious privileges which nature’s God 
and our country’s laws have guaran- 
tied to us — freedom of speech, the 
liberty of the press, and the right to 
worship God as seemeth us good. — 
We are aware, however, that we are 
hazarding every earthly blessing, par- 
ticularly property, and probably life 
itself, in striking this blow at tyranny 
and oppression: yet notwithstanding, 
we most solemnly declare that no man, 
or set of men combined, shall, with 
impunity, violate obligations as sacred 
as many which have been violated, 
unless reason, justice and virtue have 
become ashamed and sought the haunts 
of the grave, though our lives be the 

Many of us have sought a reforma- 
tion in the church, without a public 
exposition of the enormities of crimes 
practiced by its leaders, thinking that 
if they would hearken to counsel, and 
shew fruit meet for repentance, it 
would be as acceptable with God, as 
though they were exposed to public 

“For the private path, the secret acts of 

If noble, for the noblest of their lives.” 
but our petitions were treated with 
contempt; and in many cases the peti- 
tioner spurned from their presence, 
and particularly by Joseph, who would 
state that if he had sinned, and was 
guilty of the charges we would charge 

This is a re-composed replica of the newspaper published in Nauvoo, Illinois, which can be said led to Joseph Smith's death in that he demanded the printing press 
and newspaper office be destroyed after the paper's inaugural issue, upon which Smith was arrested and subsequently assassinated in nearby Carthage Jail. In this 
reconstruction, care has been taken to duplicate the design and retain all of the original typographical idiosyncracies. Transcription by H. Michael Marquardt, com- 
position by Connie Disney, with help from five Signature Books proof readers. Only a handful of copies of the original are known to exist. © Signature Books Pub- 
lishing LLC., 2009. Limited to 200 copies. 

him with, he would not make acknow- 
ledgment, but would rather be damn- 
ed; for it would detract from his dig- 
nity, and would consequently ruin and 
prove the overthrow of the Church. 
We would ask him on the other hand, 
if the overthrow of the Church was 
not inevitable, to which he often re- 
plied, that we would all go to Hell to- 
gether, and convert it into a heaven, 
by asting the Devil out; and says he, 
Hell is by no means the place this 
world of fools suppose it to be, but on 
the contrary, it is quite an agreeable 
place: to which we would now reply, 
he can enjoy it if he is determined 
not to desist from his evil ways; but 
as for us, and ours, we will serve the 
Lord our God! 

It is absurd for men to assert that 
all is well, while wicked and corrupt 
men are seeking our destruction, by a 
perversion of sacred things; for all is 
not well, while whordoms and all man- 
ner of abominations are practiced un- 
der the cloak of religion. Lo! the 
wolf is in the fold, arrayed in sheep’s 
clothing, and is spreading death and 
devastation among the saints: and we 
say to the watchmen standing upon 
the walls, cry aloud and spare not, for 
the day of the Lord is at hand — a day 
cruel both with wrath and fierce an- 
ger, to lay the land desolate. 

It is a notorious fact, that many fe- 
males in foreign climes, and in coun- 
tries to us unknown, even in the most 
distant regions of the Eastern hemis- 
phere, have been induced, by the 
sound of the gospel, to forsake friends, 
and embark upon a voyage across wa- 
ters that lie stretched over the greater 
portion of the globe, as they supposed, 
to glorify God, that they might there- 
by stand acquitted in the great day of 
God Almighty. But what is taught 
them on their arrival at this place? — 
They are visited by some of the Stri- 
kers, for we know not what else to 
call them, and are requested to hold 
on and be faithful, for there are great 
blessings awaiting the righteous; and 
that God has great mysteries in store 
for those who love the Lord, and cling 
to brother Joseph. They are also no- 
tified that brother Joseph will see them 
soon, and reveal the mysteries of Hea- 
ven to their full understanding, which 
seldom fails to inspire them with new 
confidence in the Prophet, as well as 
a great anxiety to know what God has 
laid up in store for them, in return for 
the great sacrifice of father and mo- 
ther, of gold and silver, which they 
gladly left far behind, that they might 
be gathered into the fold, and num- 
bered among the chosen of God. — 
They are visited again, and what is 
the result? They are requested to 
meet brother Joseph, or some of the 
Twelve, at some insulated point, or at 
some particularly described place on 
the bank of the Mississippi, or at some 
room, which wears upon its front — 
Positively NO admittance. The harm- 
less, inoffensive, and unsuspecting 
creatures, are so devoted to the Pro- 
phet, and the cause of Jesus Christ, 
that they do not dream of the deep- 
laid and fatal scheme which prostrates 
happiness, and renders death itself de- 
sirable, but they meet him, expecting 
to receive through him a blessing, and 
learn the will of the Lord concerning 
them, and what awaits the faithful fol- 
lower of Joseph, the Apostle and Pro- 
phet of God, when in the stead there- 
of, they are told, after having been 
sworn in one of the most solemn man- 
ners, to never divulge what is reveal- 
ed to them, with a penalty of death 
attached, that God Almighty has re- 
vealed it to him, that she should be 
his (Joseph’s) Spiritual wife; for it 
was right anciently, and God will tole- 
rate it again: but we must keep those 
pleasures and blessings from the world, 
for until there is a change in the gov- 
ernment, we will endanger ourselves 
by practicing it- but we can enjoy 
the blessings of Jacob, David, and 
others, as well as to be deprived of 
them, if we do not expose ourselves 
to the law of the land. She is thun- 
der-struck, faints, recovers, and re- 
fuses. The Prophet damns her if she 
rejects. She thinks of the great sac- 
rifice, and of the many thousand miles 
she has traveled over sea and land, 
that she might save her soul from 
pending ruin, and replies, God’s will 
be done, and not mine. The Prophet 
and his devotees in this way are grati- 
fied. The next step to avoid public 
exposition from the common course of 
things, they are sent away for a time, 
until all is well; after which they re- 
turn, as from a long visit. Those 
whom no power or influence could se- 
duce, except that which is wielded 
by some individual feigning to be a 
God, must realize the remarks of an 
able writer, when he says, “if woman’s 
feelings are turned to ministers of sor- 
row, where shall she look for consola- 
tion?” Her lot is to be wooed and 
won; her heart is like some fortress 
that has been captured, sacked aban- 
doned, and left desolate. With her, 
the desire of the heart has failed — the 
great charm of existence is at an end; 
she neglects all the cheerful exercises 
of life, which gladen the spirits, 
quicken the pulses, and send the tide 
of life in healthful currents through 
the veins. Her rest is broken. The 
sweet refreshment of sleep is poison- 

ed by melancholy dreams; dry sorrow 
drinks her blood, until her enfeebled 
frame sinks under the slightest exter- 
nal injury. Look for her after a little 
while, and you find friendship weep- 
ing over her untimely grave; and won- 
dering that one who but so recently 
glowed with all the radiance of health 
and beauty, should so speedily be 
brought down to darkness and despair, 
you will be told of some wintry chill, 
of some casual indisposition that laid 
her low! But no one knows of the 
mental malady that previously sapped 
her strength, and made her so easy a 
pray to the spoiler. She is like some 
tender tree, the pride and beauty of 
the grove — graceful in its form, bright 
in its foliage, but with the worm pray- 
ing at its heart; we find it withered 
when it should be most luxuriant. We 
see it drooping its branches to the 
earth, and shedding leaf by leaf until 
wasted and perished away, it falls in 
the stillness of the forest; and as we 
muse over the beautiful ruin, we strive 
in vain to recollect the blast or thun- 
der-bolt that could have smitten it 
with decay. But no one knows the 
cause except the foul fiend who per- 
petrated the diabolical deed. 

Our hearts have mourned and bled 
at the wretched and miserable condi- 
tion of females in this place; many or- 
phans have been the victims of misery 
and wretchedness, through the influ- 
ence that has been exerted over them, 
under the cloak of religion and after- 
wards, in consequence of that jealous 
disposition which predominates over 
the minds of some , have been turned 
upon a wide world, fatherless and mo- 
therless, destitute of friends and for- 
tune; and robbed of that which nothing 
but death can restore. 

Men solace themselves by saying 
the facts slumber in the dark caverns 
of midnight. But Lo! it is sudden 
day, and the dark deeds of foul fiends 
shall be exposed from the house-tops. 
A departed spirit, once the resident of 
St. Louis, shall yet cry aloud for ven- 

It is difficult — perhaps impossible — 
to describe the wretchedness of fe- 
males in this place, without wounding 
the feelings of the benevolent, or 
shocking the delicacy of the refined; 
but the truth shall come to the world. 
The remedy can never be applied, un- 
less the disease is known. The sym- 
pathy, ever anxious to relieve, cannot 
be felt before the misery is seen. — 
The charity that kindles at the tale of 
wo, can never act with adequate effi- 
ceiency, till it is made to see the pol- 
lution and guilt of men, now buried in 
the death-shades of heathenism. — 
Shall we then, however painful the 
sight, shrink from the contemplation 
of their real state? We answer, we 
will not, if permitted to live. As we 
have before stated, it is the vicious 
principles of men we are determined 
to explode. It is not that we have any 
private feelings to gratify, or any pri- 
vate pique to settle, that has induced 
us to be thus plain; for we can respect 
and love the criminal, if there is any 
hope of reformation: but there is a 
point beyond which forbearance ceas- 
es to be a virtue. 

The next important item which pre- 
sents itself for our consideration, is 
the attempt at Political power and in- 
fluence, which we verily believe to be 
preposterous and absurd. We believe 
it is inconsistent, and not in accord- 
ance with the Christian religion. We 
do not believe that God ever raised up 
a Prophet to christianize a world by 
political schemes and intrigue. It is 
not the way God captivates the heart 
of the unbeliever; but on the contrary, 
by preaching truth n its own native 
simplicity, and in its own original pu- 
rity, unadorned with anything except 
its own indigenous beauties. Joseph 
may plead he has been injured, abus- 
ed, and his petitions treated with con- 
tempt by the general government, and 
that he only desires an influence of a 
political character that will warrant 
him redress of grievances; but we 
care not — the faithful followers of 
Jesus must bear in this age as well as 
Christ and the Apostles did anciently; 
although a frowning world may have 
crushed him to the dust; although un- 
pitying friends may have passed him 
by; although hope, the great comforter 
in affliction, may have burst forth and 
fled from his troubled bosom; yet, in 
Jesus there is a balsom for every 
wound, and a cordial to assuage an 
agonized mind. 

Among the many items of false doc- 
trine that are taught the Church, is 
the doctrine of many Gods , one of the 
most direful in its effects that has cha- 
racterized the world for many centu- 
ries. We know not what to call it 
other than blasphemy, for it is most 
unquestionably, speaking of God in 
an impious and irreverent manner. — 
It is contended that there are innume- 
rable Gods as much above the God 
that presides over this universe, as he 
is above us; and if he varies from the 
law unto which he is subjected, he, 
with all his creatures, will be cast 
down as was Lucifer; thus holding 
forth a doctrine which is effectually 
calculated to sap the very foundation 
of our faith: and now, O Lord! shall 
we set still and be silent, while thy 
name is thus blasphemed, and thine 

honor, power and glory, brought into 
disrepute? See Isaiah c 43, v 10; 44, 
6-8; 45, 5, 6, 21, 22; and book of Cov- 
enants, page 26 and 39. 

In the dark ages of Popery, when 
bigotry, superstition, and tyranny held 
universal sway over the empire of rea- 
son, there was some semblance of jus- 
tice in the inquisitorial deliberations, 
which, however, might have been dic- 
tated by prudence, or the fear of con- 
sequences: but we are no longer forced 
to appeal to those states that are now 
situated under the influence of Pope- 
ry for examples of injustice, cruelty 
and oppression — we can appeal to the 
acts of the inquisitorial department 
organized in Nauvoo , by Joseph and 
his accomplices, for specimens of in- 
justice of the most pernicious and di- 
abolical character that ever stained 
the pages of the historian. 

It was in Rome, and about the 
twelfth century, when Pope Innocent 
III, ordered father Dominic to excite 
the Catholic princes and people to ex- 
tirpate heretics. But it is in this en- 
lightened and intelligent nineteenth 
century, and in Nauvoo— a place pro- 
fessing to be the nucleus of the world, 
that Joseph Smith has established an 
inquisition, which, if it is suffered to 
exist, will prove more formidable and 
terrible to those who are found oppos- 
ing the iniquities of Joseph and his 
associates, than even the Spanish in- 
quisition did to heretics as they term- 
ed them. 

On thursday evening, the 18th of 
April, there was a council called, un- 
known to the Church, which tried, 
condemned, and cut off brothers Wm. 
Law, Wilson Law, and sister Law, 
(Wm’s. wife,) brother R. D. Foster, 
and one brother Smith, with whom we 
are unacquainted; which we contend 
is contrary to the book of Doctrine 
and Covenants, for our law condemn- 
est no man untill he is heard. We 
abhor and protest against any council 
or tribunal in this Church, which will 
not suffer the accused to stand in its 
midst and plead their own cause. If 
an Agrippa would suffer a Paul, whose 
eloquence surpassed, as it were, the 
eloquence of men, to stand before him, 
and plead his own cause, why should 
Joseph, with others, refuse to hear 
individuals in their own defence? — 
We answer, it is because the court 
fears the atrocity of its crimes will be 
exposed to public gaze. We wish the 
public to thoroughly understand the 
nature of this court, and judge of the 
legality of its acts as seemeth them 

On Monday, the 15th of April, bro- 
ther R. D. Foster had a notice served 
on him to appear before the High 
Council on Saturday following, the 
20th, and answer to charges prefer- 
red against him by Joseph Smith. On 
Saturday, while Mr. Foster was pre- 
paring to take his witnesses, 41 in 
number, to the council-room, that he 
might make good his charges against 
Joseph, president Marks notified him 
that the trial had been on Thursday 
evening, before the 15th, and that he 
was cut off from the Church; and that 
same council cut off the brother Laws’, 
sister Law, and brother Smith, and all 
without their knowledge. They were 
not notified, neither did they dream of 
any such thing being done, for William 
Law had sent Joseph and some of the 
Twelve, special word that he desired 
an investigation before the Church in 
General Conference, on the 6th of 
Ap’l. The court, however, was a tri- 
bunal possessing no power to try Wm. 
Law, who was called by special Reve- 
lation, to stand as counsellor to the 
President of the Church, (Joseph,) 
which was twice ratified by General 
Conferences, assembled at Nauvoo, 
for Brigham Young, one of the Twelve, 
presided, whose duty it was not, but 
the President of the High Council. — 
See Book of Doctrine and Covenants, 
page 87. 


Resolved 1st, That we will not encourage the 
acts of any court in this church, for the 
trial of any of its members, which will not 
snffer the accused to be present and plead 
their own cause; we therefore declare our 
decided disapprobation to the course pur- 
sued last Thursday evening, (the 18th 
inst,) in the case of William and Wilson 
Law, and Mrs. William Law, and R. D. 
Foster, as being unjust and unauthorized 
by the laws of the Church, and consequent- 
ly null and void; for our law judgeth no 
man unless he be heard; and to all those 
who approbate a course so unwarranted, 
unprecedented and so unjust, we would say 
beware lest the unjust measure you meet 
to your brethren, he again meeted out to 

Resolved 2nd. Inasmuch as we have for 
years borne with the individual follies and 
iniquities of Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, 
and many other official characters in the 
Church of Jesus Christ, (conceiving it a 
duty incumbent upon us so to bear,) and 
having labored with them repeatedly with 
all Christian love, meekness and humility, 
yet to no effect, feel as if forbearance has 
ceased to be a virtue, and hope of refor- 
mation vain; and inasmuch as they have 
introduced false and damnable doctrines 
into the Church, such as a plurality of Gods 
above the God of this universe, and his 
liability to fall with all his creations; the 
plurality of wives, for time and eternity; 
the doctrine of unconditional sealing up 
to eternal life, against all crimes except 
that of sheding innocent blood, by a per- 
version of their priestly authority, and 
thereby forfeiting the holy priesthood, ac- 
cording to the word of Jesus; “If a man 
abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch 
and is withered, and men gather them and 
cast them into the fire, and they are burn- 

ed,” St. John, xv. 6. “Whosoever trans- 
gresseth and abideth not in the doctrine 
of Christ, hath not God, he that abideth in 
the doctrine of Christ, hath both the Fa- 
ther and the Son; if there come any unto 
ou and bring not this doctrine, receive 
im not into your house, neither bid him 
God speed, for he that bideth him God speed 
is a partaker of his evil deeds;” we there- 
fore are constrained to denounce them as 
apostates from the pure and holy doctrines 
of Jesus Christ. 

Resolved 3rd , That we disapprobate and 
discountenance every attempt to unite 
church and state; and that we further be- 
lieve the effort now being made by Joseph 
Smith for political power and influence, is 
not commendable in the sight of God. 

Resolved 4 th, That the hostile spirit and 
conduct manifested by Joseph Smith, and 
many of his associates towards Missouri, 
and others inimical to his purposes, are 
decidedly at variance with the true spirit 
of Christianity, and should not be encour- 
aged by any people, much less by those 
professing to be the ministers of the gospel 
of peace. 

Resolved 5th , That while we disappro- 
bate malicious persecutions and prosecu- 
tions, we hold that all church members are 
alike amenable to the laws of the land; and 
that we further discountenance any chican- 
ery to screen them from the just demands 
of the same. 

Resolved 6th, That we consider the re- 
ligious influence exercised in financial con- 
cerns by Joseph Smith, as unjust as it is un- 
warranted, for the Book of Doctrine and 
Covenants makes it the duty of the Bishop 
to take charge of the financial affairs of the 
Church, and of all temporal matters per- 
taining to the same. 

Resolved 7th, That we discountenance 
and disapprobate the attendance at houses 
of revelling and dancing; dram-shops and 
theatres; verily believing they have a ten- 
dency to lead from paths of virtue and ho- 
liness, to those of vice and debauchery. 

Resolved 8th, That we look upon the 
lire and holy doctrines set forth in the 
criptures of Divine truth, as being the 
immutable doctrines of salvation; and he 
who abideth in them shall be saved, and 
he who abideth not in them can not inherit 
the Kingdom of Heaven. 

Resolved 9 th. That we consider the gath- 
ering in haste, and by sacrifice, to be con- 
trary to the will of God; and that it has 
been taught by Joseph Smith and others for 
the purpose of enabling them to sell prop- 
erty at most exhorbitant prices, not regard- 
ing the welfare of the Church, but through 
their covetousness reducing those who had 
the means to give employment to the poor, 
to the necessity of seeking labor for them- 
selves; and thus the wealth which is brought 
into the place is swallowed up by the one 
great throat, from whence there is no re- 
turn, which if it had been economically 
disbursed amongst the whole would have 
rendered all comfortable. 

Resolved 10 th, That, notwithstanding our 
extensive acquaintance with the financial 
affairs of the Church, we do not know of 
any property which in reality belongs to 
the Church (except the Temple) ana we 
therefore consider the injunction laid upon 
the saints compelling them to purchase 
property of the Trustee in trust for the 
Church, is a deception practiced upon them: 
and that we look upon the sending of special 
agents abroad to collect funds for the Tem- 
ple and other purposes as a humbug prac- 
ticed upon the saints by Joseph and others, 
to aggrandize themselves, as we do not 
believe that the monies and property so 
collected, have been applied as the donors 
expected, but have been used for specula- 
tive purposes, by Joseph, to gull the saints 
the better on their arrival at Nauvoo, by 
buying the lands in the vicinity and selling 
again to them at tenfold advance; and 
further that we verily believe the appropri- 
ations said to have been subscribed by shares 
for the building of the Nauvoo House to 
have been used by J. Smith and Lyman 
Wight, for other purposses, as out of the 
mass of stock already taken, the building 
is far from being finished even to the base. 

Resolved 11 th. That we consider all se- 
cret societies, and combinations under pe- 
nal oaths and obligations, (professing to be 
organized for religious purposes,) to be 
anti-Christian, hypocritical and corrupt. 

Resolved 12 th. That we will not ac- 
knowledge any man as king or law-giver 
to the church; for Christ is our only king 
and law-giver. 

Resolved 1 3th, That we call upon the 
honest in heart, in the Church, and through- 
out the world, to vindicate the pure doc- 
trines of Jesus Christ, whether set forth in 
the Bible, Book of Mormon, or Book of 
Covenants; and we hereby withdraw the 
hand of fellowship, from all those who prac- 
tice or teach doctrines contrary to the 
above, until they cease so to do, and show 
works meet for repentance. 

Resolved 14 th. That we hereby notify 
all those holding licences to preach the gos- 
pel, who know they are guilty of teaching 
the doctrine of other Gods above the God 
of this creation; the plurality of wives; 
the unconditional sealing up against all 
crimes, save that of sheding innocent blood; 
the spoiling of the gentiles, and all other 
doctrines, (so called) which are contrary 
to the laws of God, or to the laws of our 
country, to cease preaching, and to come 
and make satisfaction, and have their li- 
cences renewed. 

Resolved 15 th. That in all our controver- 
sies in defence of truth and righteousness, 
the weapons of our warfare are not carnal 
but mighty through God, to the pulling 
down of the strong holds of Satan; that our 
strifes are not against flesh, blood, nor 
bones; but against principalities and power 
against spiritual wickedness in high places 
and therefore we will not use carnal weap- 
ons save in our own defence. 


I hereby certify that Hyrum Smith 
did, (in his office,) read to me a 
certain written document, which he 
said was a revelation from God, he 
said that he was with Joseph when it 
was received. He afterwards gave 
me the document to read, and I took 
it to my house, and read it, and show- 
ed it to my wife, and returned it next 
day. The revelation (so called) au- 
thorized certain men to have more 
wives than one at a time, in this 
world and in the world to come. It 
said this was the law, and command- 
ed Joseph to enter into the law. — And 
also that he should administer to 
others. Several other items were in 
the revelation, supporting the above 


State of Illinois, } I Robert D. 
Hancock County, ^ Foster, certify 
that the above certificate was sworn 
to before me, as true in substance, 
this fourth day of May A. D. 1844. 

I certify that I read the revelation 
referred to in the above affidavit of 
my husband, it sustained in strong 
terms the doctrine of more wives 
that one at a time, in this world, and 
in the next, it authorized some to 
have to the number of ten , and set 
forth that those women who would 
not allow their husbands to have more 
wives than one should be under con- 
demnation before God. 


Sworn and subscribed before me 
this fourth day of May, A. D. 1844. 

To all whom it may Concern: 

Forasmuch as the public mind hath 
been much agitated by a course of 
procedure in the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter Day Saints, by a 
number of persons declaring against 
certain doctrines and practices there- 
in, (among whom I am one,) it is but 
meet that I should give my reasons, 
at least in part, as a cause that hath 
led me to declare myself. In the lat- 
ter part of the summer, 1843, the 
Patriarch, Hyrum Smith, did in the 
High Council, of which I was a mem- 
ber, introduce what he said was a 
revelation given through the Proph- 
et; that the said Hyrum Smith did 
essay to read the said revelation in 
the said Council, that according to 
his reading there was contained the 
following doctrines; 1st. the sealing 
up of persons to eternal life, against 
all sins, save that of sheding inno- 
cent blood or of consenting thereto; 
2nd, the doctrine of a plurality of 
wives, or marrying virgins; that “Da- 
vid and Solomon had many wives, 
yet in this they sinned not save in the 
matter of Uriah. This revelation 
with other evidence, that the afore- 
said heresies were taught and prac- 
ticed in the Church; determined me 
to leave the office of first counsellor 
to the president of the Church at 
Nauvoo, inasmuch as I dared not 
teach or administer such laws. And 
further deponent saith not. 

State of Illinois, } To all whom 
Hancock County, y ' it may concern 
I hereby certify that the above cer- 
tificate was sworn and subscribed be- 
fore me, this fourth day of May, 1844. 


FRIDAY, JUNE 7, 1844. 


In greeting our patrons with the first num- 
ber of the Expositor, a remark is necessary 
for the expression of some views, and cer- 
tain principles by which we intend to be 
governed in our editorial duties. Many 
questions and surmises are made by those 
who suppose we will come in conflict with 
some of their darling schemes of self-ag- 
grandisement. Others, more honest, desire 
to know whether our object is to advocate 
any particular religious tenets, or any fa- 
vorite measures of either of the political 
parties of the country. To all such ques- 
tions we answer in the negative. Free tol- 
eration in religious sentiments, we deem 
compatible with the organization of our go- 
vernment, and should not be abridged. On 
the other hand, we believe religious despo- 
tism to be incompatible with our free insti- 
tutions. What we conceive to be despo- 
tism, engendered by an assumption of power 
in the name of religion, we shall have oc- 
casion to show hereafter. In relation to 
politics, whatever our own views may be 
upon the federal measures that now, or may, 
hereafter agitate the country, the Expositor 
will not be the exponent thereof; and all the 
strife and party zeal of the two great antag- 
onistical parties for the success of their re- 
spective candidates for the Presidency, we 
shall remain neutral, and in an editorial ca- 
pacity, inactive. Another party, however, 
has sprung up in our midst, the leader of 
which, it would seem, expects, by a flour- 
ish of Quixotic chivalry, to take, by storm, 
the Presidential chair, and distribute among 
his faithful supporters, the office of gov- 
ernor in all the different States, for the pur- 
pose, we presume, of more effectually con- 
solidating the government. This party we 
may be disposed to treat with a little levity, 
but nothing more. As it respects the local 
questions which may arise in our own coun- 
ty, and the candidates for the legislature 
from this county, we reserve the right to ex- 
patiate upon the respective claims — not on 
account of their politics — be they whig or 
democrat, but on account of a combination 
which we believe has for its object the ut- 
ter destruction of the rights of the old citi- 
zens of the county, who have borne the heat 
and burden of the day; who have labored 
hard as pioneers of the county; who have 
settled and organized the county; who have 
rights that should be respected by every 
principle of honor and good faith, and whose 
wishes should be consulted in the choice of 
officers, and not have men imposed upon 
them, who are obnoxious, for good and suf- 
ficient reasons. In relation to such ques- 
tions, we intend to express our mind freely, 
as our duty dictates, regardless of conse- 
quences. If a fair and honorable course be 

taken by the dominant party at Nauvoo, we 
will have nothing to battle against; but if 
they do not pursue that course, we shall be 
prepared for the warfare. We must con- 
fess, however, if we are to judge of the fu- 
ture by the past, we have little to expect 
from that quarter: but apart from local po- 
litical considerations, we have a high and 
more noble duty to perform. We shall 
spread the banner to the breeze for a radical 
reform in the city of Nauvoo, as the depart- 
ure from moral rectitude, and the abuse of 
power, have become intolerable. We shall 
speak out, and spare not, until certain grie- 
vances are redressed or corrected; until 
honor, virtue, and reputation shall take 
their accustomed habitations, and be res- 
pected; until we teach men that no exclu- 
sive privileges can be allowed to any indi- 
vidual under our form of government; that 
the law of the land, based upon the reveal- 
ed laws of heaven, are paramount to all 
other earthly considerations; and he who 
sets the laws at defiance, and evades their 
operation, either by direct or indirect means, 
pursues a course subversive of the best in- 
terests of the country, and dangerous to the 
well-being of the social compact. That 
there does exist an order of things with the 
systematic elements of organization in our 
midst — a system which, if exposed in its 
naked deformity, would make the virtuous 
mind revolt with horror; a system in the 
exercise of which lays prostrate all the dear- 
est ties in our social relations — the glori- 
ous fabric upon which human happiness is 
based — ministers to the worst passions of 
our nature, and throws us back into the be- 
nighted regions of the dark ages, we have 
the greatest reason to believe. 

The question is asked, will you bring a 
mob upon us? In answer to that, we as- 
sure all concerned, that we will be among 
the first to put down anything like an ille- 
gal force being used against any man or set 
of men. If any one has become amenable 
to the law, we wish to have him tried im- 
partially by the laws of his country. We 
are among the number who believe that 
there is virtue and integrity enough in the 
administrators of the law, to bring every of- 
fender to justice, and to protect the innocent. 
If it is necessary to make a show of force, to 
execute legal process, it will create no sym- 
pathy in that case to cry out, we are mob- 
bed. There is such a thing as persons being 
deceived into a false sympathy once, who, 
the second time, will scrutinize very closely, 
to know who, or which party, are the per- 
secutors. It is not always the first man who 
cries out, stop thief, that is robbed. It is 
the upright, honest, considerate and moral 
precepts of any class that will be respected 
in this or any other enlightened age — pre- 
cepts which have for their end the good of 
mankind, and the establishment of funda- 
mental truths. On the other hand, para- 
doxical dogmas, new systems of govern- 
ment, new codes of morals, a new adminis- 
tration of the laws by ignorant, unlettered, 
and corrupt men, must be frowned down by 
every lover of his country. The well-be- 
ing of society demand it at our hands. Our 
country, by whose laws we are protected, 
asks us for a manifestation of that patriotism 
which should inspire every American citi- 
zen — the interests of the State of Illinois 
require it, and as a citizen of Illinois, we in- 
tend to respond to the voice of duty, and 
stand the hazard of the die. 

We believe that the Press should not be 
the medium through which the private char- 
acter of any individual should be assailed, 
delineated, or exposed to public gaze: still, 
whoever acts in an official character, who 
sets himself up as a public teacher, and re- 
former of morals and religion, and as an as- 
pirant to the highest office in the gift of the 
people of this glorious republic, whose in- 
stitutions he publicly condemns, we assert 
and maintain the right of canvassing all the 
public acts and animadverting, with terms 
of the severest reproach upon all the revo- 
lutionary measures that comes to our notice, 
from any source. We would not be worthy 
of the name of an American citizen, did we 
stand by and see, not only the laws of the 
State, but the laws of the United States set 
at defiance, the authorities insulted, fugi- 
tives from justice fleeing for refuge, asking 
and receiving protection from the authori- 
ties of Nauvoo, for high crimes committed 
against the government of the United States, 
the Mayor of a petty incorporated town in- 
terposing his authority, and demanding the 
right of trial for the fugitive on the merits of 
the case, by virtue of a writ of Habeas 
Corpus, issued by the Municipal Court of 
Nauvoo. It is too gross a burlesque upon 
common sense — a subterfuge too low to in- 
dicate any thing but a corrupt motive. — 
Such acts, whether committed in a private 
or public capacity, will be held up to public 
scorn. An independent Press is bound by 
every sense of duty, to lay before the public 
every attack upon their rights: we, there- 
fore, in the exercise of our duty, expect the 
support and the aid of our fellow citizens 
in our enterprise. 

We hope all those who intend subscrib- 
ing for the “Expositor,” will forward their 
names as soon as possible; Editors, Post- 
masters, and others, to whom the Prospec- 
tus, and paper may be sent, will confer a 
favor upon us, by noticing, exchanging, and 
circulating the same, in their respective 
vocations, and forwarding accordingly. 

In consequence of the importance of the 
cause in which we have engaged, and the 
assurances we have received from different 
sources, we have concluded to issue one 
thousand copies of the first number of the 
paper, that all who wish, may be supplied, 
and further, that none may plead ignorance 
of our complaints, or exonerate themselves 
from an interest in our behalf. We do not 

wish, or expect, the publication of the “Ex- 
positor” to prove a matter of pecuniary 
profit, neither do we believe the public will 
suffer it to prove a loss. It is a subject in 
which we are all interested, more particu- 
larly the citizens of this county, and sur- 
rounding country; the case has assumed 
a formidable and fearful aspect, it is not 
the destiny of a few that is involved in 
case of commotion, but that of thousands, 
wherein necessarily the innocent and help- 
less would be confounded with the crimi- 
nal and guilty. We have anxiously de- 
sired, and strenuously advocated a peacea- 
ble redress of the injuries that have 
repeatedly been inflicted upon us, and we 
have now the means in our hands, through 
which we can peaceably and honorably 
effect our object. For ourselves, we are 
firmly resolved not to quit the field, till our 
efforts shall be crowned with success. And 
we now call upon all, who prize the liberty 
of speech, the liberty of the press, the right 
of conscience, and the sacred rights of 
American citizenship, to assist us in this 
undertaking. Let us stand up and boldly 
and fearlessly oppose ourselves to any and 
every encroachment, in whatever form it 
may appear, whether shaped in supersti- 
tious domination or civil usurpation. The 
public abroad have not been informed in 
relation to facts as they really existed in 
our midst, many have supposed that all 
was rumor, and having no organ through 
which to speak, our silence has been to 
them sufficient proof. 

The facts have been far otherwise, we 
have watched with painful emotion the 
progress of events in this city, for some 
time past, until we were sick with the 
sight; injury upon injury has been repeated, 
insult has been added to insult till forbear- 
ance has ceased to be virtuous, and we 
now have the proud privilege, we have 
long wished for, of defending ourselves 
against their foul aggressions and asper- 
sions and of informing the public of things 
as they really are. We intend to tell the 
whole tale and by all honorable means to 
bring to light and justice, those who have 
long fed and fattened upon the purse, the 
property, and the character of injured in- 
nocence; — yes, we will speak, and that too 
in thunder tones, to the ears of those who 
have thus ravaged and laid waste fond hopes, 
bright prospects, and virtuous principles, 
to gratify an unhallowed ambition. We 
are aware of the critical position we occu- 
py, in view of our immediate location; but 
we entertain no fears, our purpose is fixed 
and our arm is nerved for the conflict, we 
stand upon our rights, and we will main- 
tain those rights, whatever may be the 
consequence; let no man or set of men 
assail us at the peril of their lives, and we 
hereby give notice to all parties, that we 
are the last in attack, but the first and fore- 
most in defence. We would be among the 
last to provoke the spirit of the public abroad 
unnecessarily, but we have abundant as- 
surance, in case of emergency, that we 
shall be all there. 

An individual, bearing the cogno- 
men of Jeremiah Smith, who has eva- 
ded the officers for some time, has ta- 
ken refuge in the city of Nauvoo. It 
appears he is a fugitive from justice 
for the offence of procuring four thou- 
sand dollars from the United States 
Treasury at the city of Washington, 
under false pretences. A bill of in- 
dictment was found in the District of 
Columbia against him, and a warrant 
issued for his arrest. The Marshal of 
Iowa Territory got intelligence of his 
being in this place, and procuring the 
necessary papers for his arrest, pro- 
ceeded to this place in search of him, 
about three weeks ago. After making 
inquiry, and becoming satisfied that 
he was secreted in Nauvoo, under the 
immediate protection of the Prophet, 
he said to him (the Prophet,) that he 
was authorised to arrest the said J. 
Smith, for an offence committed by 
him against the United States govern- 
ment, and wished to know where he 
was — to which the Prophet replied, 
that he knew nothing about him. The 
Marshal said he knew he was secre- 
ted in the city, and was determined to 
have him; and, unless he was given 
up, he would have the aid of the Dra- 
goons to find and arrest him. Joseph 
Smith then replied, that was not ne- 
cessary; but, if the Marshal would 
pledge his word and honor that he 
should have the benefit of a city writ 
of Habeas Corpus, and be tried before 
him, he would produce the fugitive in 
half an hour. After some hesitancy, 
the Marshal agreed to do so, when 
the prisoner was produced in the time 
specified. A writ of Habeas Corpus 
was issued, and the prisoner taken 
from the Marshal and brought before 
the Municipal court of Nauvoo for 
trial. The court adjourned until thurs- 
day, the 30th ult., when he was tried, 
and discharged, as a matter of course. 
In the interval, however, application 
had been made to Judge Pope, of the 
District court of the United States for 
the State of Illinois, who issued his 
warrant, directed to the United States 

Marshal, who sent his deputy to make 
a second arrest, in case the other offi- 
cer did not succeed in taking him from 
the city. Smith was found by the Il- 
linois Marshal and arrested, when it 
became necessary for the high corpo- 
rate powers of the city again to inter- 
pose their authority. The potent 
writ was again issued — the prisoner 
taken from the Marshal — a trial had, 
during which, the attorneys for Smith 
relieved themselves of an insupporta- 
ble burthen of legal knowledge, which 
completely overwhelmed the learned 
court, and resulted in the triumphant 
acquittal of the prisoner, with a judg- 
ment for costs against the U. States. 

Now we ask if the executive and 
judicial authorities of Illinois deem it 
politic to submit to such a state of 
things in similar cases? Can, and will 
the constituted authorities of the fede- 
ral government be quiescent under 
such circumstances, and allow the 
paramount laws of the Union to be set 
at defiance, and rendered nugatory by 
the action of a court, having no more 
than co-ordinate powers, with a com- 
mon justice of the peace? If such an 
order of things is allowed to exist, 
there is every reason to believe that 
Nauvoo will become a sink of refuge 
for every offender who can carry in 
spoils enough to buy protection. The 
people of the State of Illinois will, con- 
sequently, see the necessity of repeal- 
ing the charter of Nauvoo, when such 
abuses are practised under it; and by 
virtue of said chartered authority, 
the right of the writ of Habeas 
Corpus in all cases arising under 
the city ordinance, to give full scope 
to the desired jurisdiction. The city 
council have passed ordinances, giv- 
ing the Municipal court authority to 
issue the writ of Habeas Corpus in all 
cases when the prisoner is held in cus- 
tody in Nauvoo, no matter whether 
the offender is committed in the State 
of Maine, or on the continent of Eu- 
rope, the prisoner being in the city 
under arrest. It is gravely contended 
by the legal luminaries of Nauvoo, that 
the ordinances gives them jurisdiction, 
not only jurisdiction to try the validi- 
ty of the writ, but to enquire into the 
merits of the case, and allow the pris- 
oner to swear himself clear of the 
charges. If his own oath is not con- 
sidered sufficient to satisfy the ad- 
verse party, plenty of witnesses are 
ready t swear that he is to be believ- 
ed on oath, and that is to be consider- 
ed sufficient by the court to put the 
quietus on all foreign testimony and the 
discharge of the prisoner follows, as a 
necessary consequence. 


We find in the Nauvoo Neighbor of 
May 29th, a lengthy letter from Jo- 
seph Smith a candidate for the Presi- 
dency on his own hook, to Henry 
Clay, the Whig candidate for the 
same office. It appears to be a new 
rule of tactics for two rival candidates 
to enter into a discussion of their 
respective claims to that high office, 
just preceding an election. Smith 
charges Clay with shrinking from the 
responsibility of promising to grant 
whatever the Mormons might ask, if 
elected to the Presidency. Smith has 
not been troubled with any inquiries 
of committees as to what measures he 
will recommend if elected; never- 
theless he has come out boldly and 
volunteered his views of certain mea- 
sures which he is in favor of having 
adopted. One is for the General 
Government to purchase the slaves 
of the south and set them free, that 
we can understand. Another is to 
pass a general uniform land law, that 
certainly requires the spirit of inter- 
pretation to show its meaning as no 
explanation accompanies it. Another 
which no doubt will be very conge- 
nial to the candidate’s nervous sys- 
tem, is to open all the prison doors in 
the country, and set the captive free. 
These with some other suggestions 
equally as enlightened, ought to be 
sufficient to satisfy any man that Jo- 
seph Smith is willing that his princi- 
ples shall be publicly known. If how- 
ever any individual voter, who has 
a perfect right to know a candidates 
principles, should not be satisfied, 
he may further aid his inquiries, by 
a reference to the record to the grand 
inquest of Hancock County. 

Martin Van Buren is charged with 
non-commitalism; Henry Clay has 
not been the man to answer frankly 

the question whether he would restore 
to the Mormons their lands in Mis- 
souri. Joseph Smith is the only can- 
didate now before the people whose 
principles are fully known; let it be 
remembered there are documents the 
highest degree of evidence before the 
people; a committee of twenty-four, 
under the solemnity of their oaths, 
have inquired into and reported upon 
his claims in due form of law. Shades 
of Washington and Jefferson — Henry 
Clay the candidate of a powerful 
party, is now under bonds to keep 
the peace; Joseph Smith, the candi- 
date of another ‘•‘•powerful’’'’ party has 
two indictments against him, one for 
fornication and advdtery, another for 
perjury. Our readers can make 
their own comments. 

We have received the last number 
of the “Warsaw Signal;” it is rich 
with anti-Mormon matter, both edi- 
torial and communicated. Among 
other things it contains a lengthy let- 
ter from J. H. Jackson, giving some 
items in relation to his connection 
with the ‘•'•Mormon Prophet ,” as also 
his reasons for the same. It will be 
perceived that many of the most dark 
and damnable crimes that ever dark- 
ened human character, which have 
hitherto been to the public, a matter 
of rumor and suspicion , are now re- 
duced to indisputable facts. We have 
reason to believe, from our acquaint- 
ance with Mr. Jackson, and our own 
observation, that the statements he 
makes are true; and in view of these 
facts, we ask, in the name of heaven, 
where is the safety of our lives and 
liberties, when placed at the dispo- 
sal of such heaven daring, hell de- 
serving, God forsaken villains. Our 
blood boils while we refer to these 
blood thirsty and murderous propen- 
sities of men, or rather demons in 
human shape, who, not satisfied with 
practising their dupes upon a credu- 
lous and superstitious people, must 
wreak their vengeance upon any who 
may dare to come in contact with 
them. We deplore the desperate 
state of things to which we are neces- 
sarily brought, but, we say to our 
friends, “ keep cool,’” and the whole 
tale will be told. We fully believe 
in bringing these iniquities and enor- 
mities to light, and let the majesty of 
violated law, and the voice of injured 
innocence and contemned public opin- 
ion, speak in tones of thunder to these 
miscreants; but in behalf of hundreds 
and thousands of unoffending citizens, 
whose only fault is religious enthu- 
siasm, and for the honor of our own 
names and reputation, let us not fol- 
low their desperado measures, and 
thereby dishonor ourselves in reveng- 
ing our own wrongs. Let our motto 
be, “Last in attack, but first in de- 
fence;” and the result cannot prove 
otherwise than honorable and satis- 


In consequence of a press of other duties 
in preparing our first number for the press, 
we have not had time to examine several 
communications that have been forwarded 
for publication. We respect the motives of 
our friends in the interest they manifest in 
carrying forward the work of reform; but 
we wish it to be distinctly understood, that 
we cannot depart from the conditions set 
forth in the Prospectus; that is the chart 
by which we intend to navigate the “Ex- 
positor,” carefully avoiding any thing and 
every thing that may tend to diminish the 
the interest, or tarnish the character of its 
columns. We already feel that we occupy 
an unenviable position in view of the va- 
riety of opiuions that exist, but, we stand 
committed as to our course, and having 
faithfully and fearlessly adhered to those 
terms, without partiality to friends, or per- 
sonality to foes, we shall consider our- 
selves honorablydischarged of duty. 

We offer an apology to our rea- 
ders for the want of arrangement and 
taste in our first number on account 
of our materials and press not being 
in order; the short time we have had 
to get a press and materials has pre- 
cluded the possibility of getting the 
first number out according to our 

wishes, and the absence of the Editor 
for several days preceding our first 
issue, renders this apology necessary. 
In our subsequent numbers we in- 
tend to make good the insufficiency 
by giving to our readers a good se- 
lection of miscellany, and an editori- 
al of rich and interesting matter. 



The May Term of the Circuit Court 
of this county closed on the 30th ult. 
after a session of ten days. We un- 
derstand a large number of cases 
were disposed of, none, however of 
a very important character. The 
cases wherein Joseph Smith was a 
party, were transferred by a change 
of venue, to other courts; that of 
A. Sympson vs. J. Smith, for false 
imprisonment, to Adams County; that 
of F. M Higbee vs. Joseph Smith, 
for slander, and that of C. A. Foster 
vs. Joseph Smith, and J. W. Cool- 
idge for false imprisonmet, and that 
of A. Davis vs. Joseph Smith, and 
J. P. Green, for trespass, were all 
transferred to the County of McDo- 
nough. The Grand Jury found two 
bills against Smith, one for perjury, 
and another for fornication and adul- 
tery; on the first of which Smith de- 
livered himself up for trial, but the 
State not being ready, material wit- 
nesses being absent, the case was de- 
ferred to the October term. 

The regular session of the Munici- 
pal Court of this City came off on 
Monday last. The cases of R. D. 
Foster, C. L. Higbee, and C. A. 
Foster, on appeals from the Mayor’s 
Court, wherein they had each been 
fined in the sum of one hundred dol- 
lars, (for the very enormous offence 
of refusing to assist the notorious O. 
P. Rockwell, and his ‘•‘•dignity ’ John 
P. Green, in arresting a respectable 
and peaceable citizen, without the 
regular process of papers) and of A. 
Spencer, wherein he was fined in the 
same sum on a charge of assault and 
battery, were all taken up and grave- 
ly discussed; after the most mature 
deliberation, with the assistance of 
the ex-tinguished City Attorney, this 
honorable body concluded to dismiss 
the suit and issue a procedendo to the 
lower court, which was accordingly 

The cases referred to above, afford 
abundant reason both for complaint 
and comment. We intend as soon as 
our time will allow, to express our 
views fully and freely upon this fea- 
ture of Mormon usurpation; first, 
enact a string of ordinances contrary 
to reason and common sense, and 
then inflict the severest penalties for 
not observing them. 

We see that our friend the Neighbor, 
advocates the claims of Gen. Joseph Smith 
for the Presidency; we also see from the 
records of the grand Jury of Hancock Co. 
at their recent term, that the general is a 
candidate to represent the branch of the 
state government at Alton. We would re- 
spectfully suggest to the Neighbor, whether 
the two offices are not incompatible with 
each other. 

Nauvoo, June 5th, 1844. 


It is well known to all of you that 
the August election is fast approach- 
ing, and with it comes the great and 
terrible conflict. It is destined to be 
a day pregnant with big events; for 
it will be the index to the future. — 
Should we be defeated upon that oc- 
casion, our die is cast, and our fate 
is sealed; but if successful, alike may 
Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, and 
their devoted followers, as well as 
their enemies, expect that justice will 
be meted out. The present is por- 
tentious of the great effort that is to 
be made upon that occasion, by Jo- 
seph for power; Hiram Smith is al- 
ready in the field as a candidate for 
the legislature, but will you support 
him , that same Hyrum Smith the de- 
voted follower and brother of Joe, 
who feigned a revelation from God, 
directing the citizens of Hancock 
County to vote for J. P. Hoge, in 
preference to Cyrus Walker, and by 
so doing blaspheming the name of 
God? Will you , gentlemen of Han- 
cock County, support a man like that, 
who claims to move in a different 
sphere, a sphere entirely above you; 
one who will trifle with the things of 
God, and feign converse with the Di- 
vinity, for the sake of carrying an 
election? I will unhesitatingly as- 
sume to myself the responsibility of 
answering in the negative. I flatter 
myself you are not so depraved, and 
so blinded to your own interests, as 
to support a man totally ignorant of 
the laws of your country, and in every 
respect alienated from you and your 

In supporting Hyrum Smith , you, 
Citizens of Hancock County , are sup- 
porting Joseph Smith, for whom he 
(Hyrum) goes teeth and toe nails, 
for President of the United States. 
The question may arise here, in vot- 
ing for Joseph Smith, for whom am I 
voting? You are voting for a man 
who contends all governments are 

to be put down and the one estab- 
lished upon its ruins. You are voting 
for an enemy to your government, 
hear Phelps to Joe in his affidavit be- 
fore Judge King of Missouri: — “Have 
you come to the point to resist all 
law?” “I have,” says Joe. You are 
voting for a sycophant, whose attempt 
for power find no parallel in history. 
You are voting for a man who refuses 
to suffer criminals to be brought to 
justice, bnt in the stead thereof, res- 
cues them from the just demands of 
the law, by Habeas Corpus. You are 
voting for a man who stands indicted, 
and who is now held to bail, for the 
crimes of adultery and perjury; two 
of the gravest crimes known to our 
laws. Query not then for whom you 
are voting; it is for one of the black- 
est and basest scoundrels that has 
appeared upon the stage of human 
existence since the days of Nero, and 

In supporting Hyrum Smith, then 
are you not supporting Joseph Smith? 
most assuredly; pause then my coun- 
trymen , and consider cooly, calmly 
and deliberately, what you do? Sup- 
port not that man who is spreading 
death, devastation and ruin through- 
out your happy country like a torna- 
do. Infinite are the gradations which 
mark this man’s attempts for power, 
which if not checked soon, must not 
only shed a deleterious influence on 
the face of this county, but on the 
face of the adjoining counties. He 
is already proudly boasting that he is 
beyond your reach; and I regret to 
think I am under the painful neces- 
sity of admitting the fact. Is it not 
a shame and a disgrace, to think we 
have a man in our midst, who will 
defy the laws of our country; the laws 
which shed so gentle and nourishing 
an ifluence upon our fathers, which 
fostered and protected them in their 
old age from insult and aggression; 
shall we their sons, lie still and suffer 
Joseph Smith to light up the lamp of 
tyranny and oppression in our midst? 
God forbid, lest the departed spirits 
of our fathers , cry from the ground 
against us. Let us arise in the ma- 
jesty of our strength and sweep the 
influence of tyrants and miscreants 
from the face of the land, as with the 
breath of heaven. The eagle that is 
now proudly borne to earth’s remot- 
est regions by every gale, will perch 
himself in the solitude of mid-night 
if we do not arouse from our lethargy. 

It is the worst of absurdities for 
any individual to say their is a man 
in our midst who is above the reach of 
violated law, and not lend a helping 
hand; all talk and nothing more will 
not accomplish that for your country 
and your God, which the acts of 
Washington did. Then gentlemen 
organize yourselves and prepare for 
the dreadful conflict in August; we 
go with you heart and hand, in the 
attempt to suppress this contaminat- 
ing influence which is prostrating our 
fairest prospects, and spreading deso- 
lation throughout our vale. Call into 
the field your best men under the 
solemn pledge to go for the uncondi- 
tional repeal of the Nauvoo Charter, 
and you have our support; whether 
they be Whig or Democrat we care 
not; when a friend presents us with 
a draught of cool water, we do not 
stop to inquire whether it is contain- 
ed in a silver vase, a golden urn or 
a long handled gourd. We want no 
base seducer, liar and perjured rep- 
resentative, to represent us in Spring- 
field , but while Murrill represents 
Tennessee in Nashville, Munroe Ed- 
wards, New York, in Sing Sing, Br. 
Joseph may have the extreme good- 
ness to represent Illinois in Alton, if 
his lawyers do not succeed in quash- 
ing the indictments found against 
him by the Grand Jurors of Hancock 
County, at the May term 1844. 



At the earnest request of a number of 
friends, I am induced to offer myself as a 
candidate for the office of Sheriff, at the 
ensuing August election. Should I be 
elected I pledge myself to perform the du- 
ties incident to the office with independence 
and fidelity. 


Nauvoo, June 7th, 1844.— te 

Mr. Editor, 

As I have taken some little interest 
in the affairs of the “Nauvoo The- 
atre;” I wish to announce through the 
medium of your paper, that the estab- 
lishment, which left this place a few 
weeks since to travel, has again arriv- 
ed in this city. What success the 
concern met with while absent I am 
unable to learn; the only thing of in- 
terest which I have been able to dis- 
cover, is, that the Rev. G. J. Adams 
was hissed from the stage in Burling- 
ton, while telling the “woodchuck 
story.” I understand that the estab- 
lishment has closed for the present, 
in consequence of Mr. Adams being 
under the necessity of ‘going a preach- 
ing;’ probably the Rev. Gentleman 
thinks by this time that he is better 
fitted for the desk than the stage. 

I am Sir, 

A Friend to the Drama. 

Penmanship. — We invite the attention 
of our readers to the advertisement of Mr. 
A. R. Dunton, found in another column 
of to day’s paper. We have examined se- 
veral specimens of this Gentleman’s handi- 
work, in the execution of his various style of 
penmanship, and we cheerfully award to him 
the merit of excelling any thing of the kind 
in this department. Mr. Dunton brings 
with him testimonials of the highest char- 
acter, from the most respectable sources; 
having borne off the palm of victory in se- 
veral of our eastern cities; — but, aside from 
our own opinion, or the opinion of others, 
Mr. Dunton presents the best evidence, 
in his off hand efforts, which he executes 
with a neatness and dispatch that dispels 
all doubt, and wins for him the wreath of 
merited fame. — Ed. 

Married: — At Carthage, on the 23d 
ult., by E. A. Bedell Esq. Mr. 
Charles Ross of St. Louis, to Miss 
Sabra A. M orrison, of this city. 

We tender our congratulations to 
the above parties upon their union of 
heart and hand, and express our 
warmest wishes for their future hap- 

One Cent Reward. 

W HEREAS my husband, the Rt. 

Rev. W. H. Harrison Sagers, 
Esq., has left my bed and board with- 
out cause or provocation, this is to no- 
tify the public not to harbor or trust 
him on my account, as I will pay no 
debts of his contracting. More anon. 

June 7, 1844.-tf.* 

Administrator’s Sale. 

O N the 20th of June, A. D. 1844, will 
be offered at public sale at the New 
Brick Store of S. M. Marr, on Knight 
Street, east of the Temple in the City of 
Nauvoo, the following described property, 
to wit: Household and kitchen furniture, 

consisting of beds and bedding, wearing 
apparal, cotton cloth, &c. 



Nauvoo, June 7th, 1844.— ltf. 


T HE Subscribers wish to inform all those 
who through sickness; or other misfor- 
tunes, are much limited in their means of 
procuring bread for their families, that we 
have allotted Thursday of every week, to 
grind TOLL FREE for them, till grain 
becomes plentiful after harvest. 

P. S. Elder Cowles, or Bishop Ivins, 
will at end at our mill on those days set 
apart, and will judge very benevolently, in 
all cases where the above indulgence is 

W. & W. LAW. 
Nauvoo, June 7th, 1844. — tf 


T HOSE wishing to improve the 
present very favorable oppor- 
tunity for taking Lessons in Penman- 
ship , and Stylographic Card Marking , 
are informed that the above branches 
will be taught by Mr. A. R. Dunton, 
in a manner that cannot fail to prove 
satisfactory to all. The system he 
teaches has no superior, either in ac- 
quisition, facility of execution, or 
elegance and uniformity of the letters 
Mr. D. would beg leave to refer 
the Ladies and Gentlemen of this 
City and its vicinity, to the fact that 
he has borne off the FIRST PREMI- 
UM for the best Specimens of Penman- 
ship from all competitors, at the late 
Mechanics’ Fair held in Boston. 

Mr. D unton proposes to award the 
following premiums, viz: 

The person who shall make the 
best improvement in writing, shall be 
entitled to a specimen of penmanship 
worth from five to ten dollars. And 
if any person will produce a speci- 
men superior to what Mr. D. will 
execute, the person producing it shall 
be entitled to fifty dollars. 

For the best improvement in Sty- 
lographic Card Marking, the person 
shall be entitled to their tuition. 

N. B. The above Premiums are to 
be awarded by a committee mutually 

Those who have been disappointed 
by attending the Schools of incompe- 
tent teachers, are warranted perfect 
satisfaction at Mr. D’s. School, or 
their money will be refunded. 

Writing Masters fitted for the pro- 
fession. Teachers, Professional, and 
Business men, and all good or bad 
writers, who wish to become com- 
plete masters of the art, are particu- 
larly invited to attend. 

Writing rooms at the new Masonic 
Hall Main st. Terms of tuition only 
$1,50 for 12 lessons. Classes will 
be formed on Monday evening next 
at 7 P. M. 

June 7th, 1844. 

C. A. Warren, C. L. Higbee, 

Quincy. Nauvoo. 





Attorney and Counsellor at Law, and 
Solicitor in Chancery. 

Deeds, bonds and all legal instru- 
ments drawn to order. Lands for 
sale or exchange. Office over S. M. 
Marr’sbrick Store, Knight St. east of 
the Temple. 


T HE Subscriber has several brick and 
frame houses, situated in different parts 
of the city, which he offers for sale, or rent 
on good terms. 

Nauvoo, June 7th, 1844. tf 


The lads — I wonder how they guess it, 

I’m sure I never tell, 

And if I love, I ne’er confess it — 

How can they guess so well? 

I’m sure ’twas no I told my laddie — 

I would not love — not I; 

He says Hwas yes, the saucy laddie! 

He saw yes in my eye. 

My mother says ’tis naughty — very! 

For I am scarce fifteen; 

I vowed, to please the dame so chary, 

My love should ne’er be seen. 

And still ’twas no I told my laddie, 

And still — I wonder why? 

He kissed me — ah, the saucy laddie! 

He saw love in my eye. 

The love, I bade him tarry, 

Asleep, within my breast, 

But when he heard my gentle Harry, 

The rebel would not rest. 

And while I thought the boy was sleeping, 
Alack, he is so sly! 

I found the rogue at Harry peeping, 

Ay, peeping through my eye. 

[ From the Philadelphia Times. ] 


The Riots in Kensington — The Irish 

and the Native Americans. 

The late riots in Kensington be- 
tween the Native Americans and the 
Irish Roman Catholics — for the feud 
is now a religious one entirely, con- 
ceal the fact as we may — have filled 
our city with excitement, and every 
thoughtful mind with deep reflection. 
What are we coming to? Are the 
people forgeting at once the elements 
of Republicanism, viz: tolerance of 
opinion, freedom of thought and ac- 
tion, and obedience to the laws, or 
can any man engaged in these dis- 
graceful broils believe that he is aid- 
ing by such conduct, however pro- 
voked, in carrying out the principles 
of civil and religious liberty? 

As a Protestant, and a Native born 
citizen, we protast against this un- 
natural admixture of religion and 
politics. In the whole history of the 
human race, we find the bloodiest 
pages those in which are recorded 
the contest of the Church; are we 
willing to introduce this firebrand of 
destruction and desolation into the 
midst of our peaceful and happy coun- 
try? Have we a mind to rival Eu- 
rope in our chronicles of inhuman 
massacre and slaughter, or shall we 
bathe our hearth-stones in blood, and 
make our homes charnel-houses, be- 
cause of differences of opinion, the 
entertainment of which is guaranteed 
to every American citizen, whether 
Native-born or Naturalized by our 
glorious Constitution? 

We are opposed to the political 
sentiments of the Native Americans, 
but we respect their sincerity, and 
would be the last to stand silently by 
and see them insulted; to see their 
peaceable assemblies broken up by 
an infuriated multitude, and see them 
or any other set of men, whether 
right or wrong in their views, way- 
laid and assaulted for promulgating 
their political notions. We are too 
much of a Republican, and have too 
much genuine American feeling for 
this; but, we are equally opposed to 
the introduction of religious abuse 
into political orations; we entertain 
a very contemptuous opinion of the 
wisdom, the law-and-order-loving dis- 
position, and the real Christianity of 
those demagogues who do it to ac- 
complish, by the fearful public or- 
gasm which must follow, their own 
selfish ends. 

We give up to no man in our re- 
spect for the Bible, and our zeal for 
its dissemination. We give up to no 
man in our love for our beloved coun- 
try, its unparalleled institutions, its 
mighty and intelligent people, and 
above all its freedom from that curse 
of Europe, an union of Church and 
State. But, in tenaciously reserving 
for ourselves and our children the 
right to peruse the Bible, we should 
be the first to rebel against any at- 
tempt to coerce others into its peru- 
sal; in jealously watching to prevent 
the political dominance of any other 
religious persuasion, we should be 
among the first to denounce any at- 
tempt at such dominance contempla- 
ted by the members of our own. 

These are the dictates of patriot- 
ism; nay more, they are the dictates 
of Christianity. Without pretending 
to take any side in this unfortunate 
controversy — without pretending that 
the Roman Catholics are right or 
wrong, or that the Native Americans 
are right or wrong, for we conceive 
both to have committed a grievous 
error in appealing under any circum- 
stances to physical force or to arms, 
— let us ask, is such conduct charac- 
teristic of either freemen or Chris- 
tians? Is it the part of a true repub- 
lican to thrust his opinions upon oth- 
ers, and to picture all those who dif- 
fer from him as fit subjects for immo- 
lation; or did the great prototype of 
the Christian church when on the 
earth set his followers such a bellig- 
erent example? Was not the lan- 
guage of the later always “peace! 
peace?” Was not his course exenr- 
plarily pacfic? Did he turn even on 
his revilers and persecutors? Did he 

not take every occasion to teach his 
disciples forbearance, and radically 
subdue in them the slightest impulse 
towards retaliation? 

If so, we are bound to follow the 
example as well as the advice of the 
head of the universal Christian church! 
And in doing so, we at once carry 
out the principles of good govern- 
ment, for republicanism and Christian- 
ity are identical, and the very spirit 
of the one, is incorporated into and 
animates the other. Let us have 
peace then. Cease these wicked con- 
tentions. And in order that they 
may cease, stop at once this ming- 
ling together of religion and politics. 
Away with it. It is an unhallow- 
ed, an iniquitous, and incestuous un- 
ion. The issue must be a monster, 
misshapen and deplorable, inimical 
to liberty, repulsive to tranquil gov- 
ernment, and ever associated with 
but anarchy, discord, murder, and 
civil war. 

The Papacy and the Great Powers.— 
The Tablet, a Catholic newspaper, 
takes a gloomy view of the present 
state of the Papal dominions, and the 
dangers which threaten them from 
several quarter. Amongst the most 
dangerous of these enemies is said to 
be Russia, whose Emperor is denoun- 
ced as “the great Anti-christ of the 
north,” and from whose rule, when 
once it includes Italy, is predicted 
“a hideous persecution and calamity, 
such as the Church has never yet 
hardly witnessed.” The other ene- 
mies of the Papal see, besides its own 
insurgent subjects, are said to be 
England and France, and the follow- 
ing is a summary account of its al- 
leged position at the present moment: 
— “Besides, then, the local and social 
convulsions of Italy, we have hang- 
ing over the Holy See---first, the 
armed Protectorate of Austria; se- 
condly, the efforts of Russia to gain, 
at least, so much influence in Rome, 
as shall prevent the publication of un- 
pleasant documents; thirdly, the en- 
deavors of England to cajole the Pope 
into putting the screw (spiritual) up- 
on his too ardent subjects in Ireland; 
and fourthly, the endeavors of France 
to secure the same advantage against 
the Catholic subjects of that kingdom. 
The Pope, unable to uphold his tem- 
poral dominion withont Austrian bay- 
onets, and the three most powerful 
cabinets of Europe applying all their 
craft and force to compel his Holi- 
ness to abuse his spiritual power to 
the common injury of Christendom! 
Luckily, the hand of God has carried 
the Church through as great dangers 
as the present, and has promised to 
carry her through all dangers; other- 
wise we would say that this was no 
very pleasant prospect.” 


We last week gave some account 
of the dissensions and divisions which 
have sprung up in the holy city of 
Nauvoo — growing out of the arbi- 
trary conduct of “the Prophet.” — 
Since then, the breach has become 
still wider between the head of the 
church and his followers. The citi- 
zens have procured a press, and will 
soon commence a paper, for the pur- 
pose of exposing Smith on his own 
ground and among his own people. 
Last week, individuals of the Mor- 
mon faith, (Messrs. Blakesley and 
Higbee,) representing the dissenters, 
addressed a large number of our citi- 
zens, in reference to the “flare up,” 
at Nauvoo. We were not present, 
but have it from others who were, 
that the dissenters, made out that Joe 
Smith was pretty much of a rough 
customer, especially in relation to 
the “spiritual wife” doctrine. Their 
whole aim was principally against 
the church — of which they still claim- 
ed to be members. They painted 
Smith, as any thing but the saint he 
claims to be — and as a man, to the 
last degree, corrupt in his morals and 
religion. On Wednesday night, Mr. 
John P. Green, a Mormon elder, ad- 
dressed a crowded house in defence 
of “the Prophet.” The principal 
portion of the worthy elder’s speech, 
while we were in the house, was ta- 
ken up, in an apology for addressing 
the meeting, and when he did come 
to the substance of his address, he 
could only disprove the statements 
made by the dissenters, from his own 
knowledge — he said he had been a 
Mormon for the last twelve years — 
and had always been intimate with 
Smith, and that such doctrines as 
were ascribed to Smith by his ene- 
mies, had never been taught to him. 
He further said that Smith was like 
a diamond, the more he was rubbed, 
the brighter he appeared — and he 
strongly insinuated, that the charac- 
ters of the individuals, who had as- 
sailed Smith on the second evening 
previous, were none of the best, 8cc. 

We think these Mormon mission- 
aries are laboring under a mistake in 
one particular. It is not so much 
the particular doctrines, which Smith 
upholds and practices, however abom- 
inable they may be in themselves, 
that our citizens care about — as it 
is the anti-republican nature of the 
organization, over which he has al- 
most supreme control — and whieh is 

trained and disciplined to act in ac- 
cordance with his selfish will. The 
spectacle presented in Smith’s case 
of a civil, ecclesiastical and military 
leader, united in one and the same 
person, with power over life and liber- 
ty, can never find favor in the minds of 
sound and thinking Republicaus. The 
day has gone by when the precepts 
of Divine Truth, could be propagated 
at the point of the sword — or the Bi- 
ble made the medium of corrupt men 
to gratify their lustful appetites and 
sordid desires — [Quincy Whig. 

We have received from Nauvoo a 
Prospectus for a new paper, to be en- 
titled the “Nauvoo Expositor.” It 
is intended to be the organ of the 
Reformed Mormon Church, which has 
lately been organized in that place, 
and to oppose the power of ‘the self- 
constituted Monarch,’ who has assu- 
med the government of the Holy City. 
We care no more about the New 
Church than the Old one, as a church; 
for we regard both with indifference. 
But if it ean be a means of humbling 
the haughty miscreant who rules in 
that city, and exposing his rank villia- 
nies, then we shall wish both Church 
and Paper a hearty God speed! The 
gentlemen who have the new paper in 
charge, have the reputation of being 
men of character and talent; and have 
commenced the work in which they 
are engaged, in real earnest. We 
hope the public will encourage their 
effort. — Upper Mississippian. 

The Jews in Russia. — A letter from 
St. Petersburgh, dated March 21, 
says, that to check the emigration of 
the Jews over the frontiers, the fol- 
lowing, sanctioned by the Emperor, had 
been made law; — “Jews who without 
legal licenses, or with legal licenses 
which have expired, go over the 
frontier, when they have before 
been recognized as actual Russian 
subjects, and as such been brought 
back into the empire, shall be given 
up to the local government authori- 
ties, who shall deal with them accor- 
ding to the laws relating to deserters 
and vagrants, even when the former 
places of residence and the parishes 
to which they belong are known. 
According to these laws, they shall 
be employed in the military service; 
in case they are unfit for it, be placed 
in what are called the penal compa- 
nies, without the right of being given 
up to their parishes, if the latter shall 
desire it. If they are not fit for hard 
labor in the public works, they shall 
be sent with their wives to settle in 

Anecdote of the Mayor of Tiverton. 
— During the time when Wesley and 
Whitfield were gaining so many con- 
verts in many parts of England, the 
former came one day to preach at Ti- 
verton. This created considerable 
excitement in town, and the Mayor, 
fearing some riot might ensue, issued 
his proclamation, commanding Wesley 
to desist, as it was dangerous to the 
peace and good order that he should 
preach in that place. On being re- 
monstrated with, he made the following 
laconic reply: “I don’t see what oc- 
casion there can be for any new reli- 
gion in Tiverton! Why do we want 
another way of going to heaven when 
there is so many already? Why, sir, 
there’s the old church and the new 
church; that’s one religion: ther’s Par- 
son Kiddell’s at the Pitt meeting; that’t 
two: Parson Wescott’s, in Peter street 
that’s three: and old Parson Tarry’s in 
Newport street; that’s four. Four 
ways of going to heaven! If they 
won’t go to heaven by one or the other 

of these ways, by they shan’t go 

to heaven at all from Tiverton, while 
I’m Mayor of the town. 

The American Press, and the Rev. 
Sydney Smith.— The following let- 
ter from the pen of the Rev. Sydney 
Smith, has made its appearance in the 
Morning Chronicle:— 

To the Editor of the Chronicle '. — 

Sir — The loco-foco papers in America 
are, I observe, full of abuse of Mr. Everett, 
their minister for spending a month with 
me at Christmas, in Somersetshire. That 
month was neither lunar nor calender, but 
consisted of forty-eight hours — a few min- 
utes more or less. 

“I never heard a wiser or more judicious 
defence than he made to me and others, of 
the American insolvency — not denying the 
injustice of it, speaking of it on the con- 
trary, with the deepest feeling, but urging 
with great argumentative eloquence every 
topic that could be pleaded in extenuation. 
He made upon us the same impression he 
appears to make universally in this coun- 
try; we thonght him (a character which 
the English always receive with a ffection- 
ate regard,) an amiable American repub- 
lican, without ostentation. ‘If I had known 
that gentleman five years ago, (said one 
of my guests,) I should have been deep in 
the American funds; and as it is, I think 
at times that I see nineteen shillings in the 
pound of his face.’ 

“However this may be, I am sure we 
owe to the Americans a debt of gratitude 
for sending to us such an excellent speci- 
men of their productions. In diplomacy, 
a far more important object than falsehood, 
is, to keep two nations in friendship. In 
this point, no nation has ever been better 
served than America has been served by 
Mr. Edward Everett. 

“I am, sir, your ob’t ser’t, 



From “Gen. Smiths Views.” 

“The people may have faults but they 
never should be trifled with. I think Mr. 
Pitt’s quotation in the British Parliament 
of Mr. Prior’s couplet for the husband and 
wife, to apply to the course which the 
king and ministry of England should pur- 
sue to the then colonies, of the now United 
States, might be a genuine rule of action 
for some of the breath made men in high 
places, to use towards the posterity of that 
noble daring people. 

“Be to her faults a little blind; 

Be to her virtues very kind.” 

“We have had democratic presidents; 
whig presidents; a pseudo democratic whig 
president: and now it is time to have a 
president of the United States ; and let the 
people of the whole union, like the inflexi- 
ble Romans, whenever they find a promise 
made by a candidate, that is not practiced 
as an officer, hurl the miserable scyophant 
from his exaltation, as God did Nebuchad- 
nezzar, to crop the grass of the field, with 
a beast’s heart among the cattle. 

“Mr. Van Buren said in his inaugural 
address, that he went “into the presiden- 
tial chair the iuflexible and uncompromis- 
ing opponent of Congress, to abolish sla- 
very in the District of Columbia, against 
the wishes of the slave holding states; and 
also with a determination equally decided 
to resist the slightest interference with it 
in the siates where it exists.” Poor little 
Matty made his rhapsodical sweep with 
the fact before his eyes, that the state of 
New York, his native state, had abolished 
slavery, without a struggle or a groan. 
Great Cod, how independent! From hence- 
forth slavery is tolerated where it exists: 
constitution or no constitution; people or 
no people; right or wrong; vox Matti; vox 
Diaboli: “the voice of Matty” — “the voice 
of the devil;” and peradventure, his great 
“Sub-Treasury” scheme was a piece of 
the same mind: but the man and his mea- 
sures have such a striking resemblance to 
the anecdote of the Welchman and his 
cart-tongue, that, when the constitution 
was so long that it allowed slavery at the 
capital of a free people, it could not be cut 
off; but when it was short that it needed a 
Sub-Treasury, to save the funds of the na- 
tion, it could he spliced! Oh, granny what a 
long tail our puss has got! As a Greek 
might say, hysteron proteron ; the cart be- 
fore the horse: but his mighty whisk 
through the great national fire, for the pres- 
idential chesnuts, burnt the locks of his glo- 
ry with the blaze of h is folly ! 

The above we extract from the celebra- 
ted state paper, entitled, “Gen. Smiths’ 
views of the powers and policy of the Gov- 
ernment of the United States,” as a speci- 
men of the original matter it con ains. — 
With such astute penetrating views, such 
exalted and dignified sentiments, emanat- 
ing from a candidate for the Presidency, 
Father Miller must be pronounced a hum- 
bug, and the people of the nineteenth cen- 
tury may look for the dawn of a glorious 
era to burst upon their astonished vision in 
the fall of eighteen hundred and forty-four, 
an era in which a Prophet only can tell 
whether granny’s cat has a long tail or not; 
or whether the Greek’s cart will be before 
the horse or otherwise; the constitution 
we presume will be as long as the Welch- 
man’s cart tongue, “peradventure” a little 

A Witty Reply.— When Mark An- 
tony gave orders for doubling the 
taxes in Asia, an intimate friend 
of his told him, he should “first order 
the land to yield a double harvest.” 

A Queer Change.— The old spirit- 
stiring appeal to fight for your hearths, 
has become obsolete. It is now, “fight 
for your stoves and heaters!” 

Not so Bad.— “I wish you had been 
Eve,” said an urchin, to an old maid 
who was proverbial for her meanness. 

“Why so?” 

“Because, said he, “you would 
have eaten all the apple instead of 
dividing with Adam!” 

Domestic Order.— We observe in 
the works of Madame Necker, what 
must be considered a good hint to 
housewives: “Domestic order, like 
theatrical machinery, produces the 
greatest pleasure when the strings 
are concealed.” 

Precious hut Fragile.— The two 
most precious things on this side of 
the grave are reputation and life. — 
But it is to be lamented that the most 
contemptible whisper may deprive us 
of the one, and the weakest weapon 
may deprive us of the other. 

Father, what does the printer live 
on? Why child? You said you had 
not paid him for two or three years, 
and yet you have his paper every 

Wife, put this child under the floor, 
he is too personal in his remarks. 




The undersigned propose publishing a 
Journal of the above title, which will appear 
on Friday of each week, on an Imperial 
sheet, with a new Press, and materials of 
the best quality, and rendered worthy of 
the patronage of a discerning and an en- 
lightened public. 

The Expositor will be devoted to a gene- 
ral diffusion of useful knowledge, and its 
columns open for the admission of all cour- 
teous communications of a Religious, Mor- 
al, Social, Literary, or Political character, 
without taking a decided stand in favor of 
either of the great Political parties of the 
country. A part of its columns will be de- 
voted to a few primary objects, which the 
Publishers deem of vital importance to the 
public welfare. Their particular locality 
gives them a knowledge of the many gross 
abuses exercised under the pretended au- 
thorities of the Nauvoo City Charter, by 
the legislative authorities of said city; and 
the insupportable oppressions of the Minis- 

terial powers in carrying out the unjust, il- 
legal, and unconstitutional ordinances of the 
same. The publishers, therefore, deem it 
a sacred duty they owe to their country and 
their fellow citizens, to advocate, through 
the columns of the Expositor, the UNCON- 
VOO CITY CHARTER ; to restrain and 
correct the abuses of the Unit Power ; to 
ward off the Iron Rod which is held over 
the devoted heads of the citizens of Nau- 
voo and the surrounding country; to advo- 
cate unmitigated disobedience to Political 
Revelations , and to censure and decry gross 
moral imperfections wherever found, either 
in the Plebian, Patrician, or self-constituted 
MONARCH ; to advocate the pure princi- 
ples of morality, the pure principles of truth; 
designed not to destroy, but strengthen the 
main-spring of God’s moral government; to 
advocate, and exercise, the freedom of speech 
in Nauvoo, independent of the ordinances 
abridging the same; to give free toleration 
to every man’s religious sentiments, and 
sustain all in worshiping God according to 
the monitions of their consciences, as guar- 
antied by the Constitution of our country; 
and to oppose, with uncompromising hos- 
tility, any Union of Church and State, or 
any preliminary step tending to the same; 
to sustain all, however humble, in their 
equal and constitutional rights, and oppose 
the sacrifice of the Liberty, the Property, 
and the Happiness of the many, to the pride 
and ambition of the few. In a word, to 
give a full, candid, and succinct statement of 
facts, as they exist in the city of Nauvoo, 
fearless of whose particular case they may 
apply, being governed by the laws of Edito- 
rial courtesy, and the inherent dignity 
which is inseparable from honorable minds; 
at the same time exercising their own judg- 
ment in cases of flagrant abuses, or moral 
delinquencies; to use such terms and names 
as they deem proper, when the object is of 
such high importance that the end will jus- 
tify the means. We confidently look to an 
enlightened public for aid in this great and 
indispensable effort. 

The columns of the Expositor will be 
open to the discussion of all matters of pub- 
lic interest, the productions of all corres- 
pondents being subject to the decision of 
the Editor alone, who shall receive or reject 
at his option. National questions will be 
in place, but no preference given to either 
of the political parties. The Editorial de- 
partment will contain the political news of 
the day, proceedings of Congress, election 
returns, &c., &c. Room will be given for 
articles on Agriculture, the Mechanic Arts, 
Commercial transactions, &c. 

The publishers bind themselves to issue 
the paper weekly for one year, and forward 
fifty-two copies to each subscriber during 
the year. Orders should be forwarded as 
soon as possible, that the publishers may 
know what number of copies to issue. 

The publishers take pleasure in announc- 
ing to the public, that they have engaged 
the services of Sylvester Emmons, Esq., 
who will have entire charge and supervis- 
ion of the editorial department. From an 
acquaintance with the dignity of character, 
and literary qualifications of this gentle- 
man, they feel assured that the Nauvoo Ex- 
positor must and will sustain a high and 
honorable reputation. 


Two Dollars per annum in advance, 

Two Dollars and Fifty cents at the expi- 
ration of six months. 

Three Dollars at the end of the year. 

Six copies will be forwarded to one ad- 
dress for Ten Dollars in advance; Thirteen 
copies for Twenty Dollars, &c. 

Advertising and Job Work in all their va- 
rieties, done on short notice, and upon the 
most satisfactory terms. 

All letters and communications must be 
addressed to “ Charles A. Foster, Nauvoo, 
Illinois ,'’ ’ post paid, in order to insure atten- 

William Law, 

Wilson Law, 

Charles Ivins, 

Francis M. Higbee, > Publishers. 

Chauncey L. Higbee, 

Robert D. Foster, 

Charles A. Foster. 


WAREROOMS— Nos. 29 and 31 
Gold street New York, April, 1844. — 
Price Greatly Reduced — THE “HOE” 

consequence of the addition of new 
and improved machinery to their works 
and the reduction in the cost of mate- 
rials and labor, are enabled greatly to 
reduce the prices of their presses and 
Printers and binders materials gener- 
ally, as will be seen by their newly 
printed circular, to which they beg 
leave to refer. 

This establishment is still under 
the personal superintendence of RICH 
and they assure their friends that not- 
withstanding the great reduction in 
prices all articles manufactured by 
this establishment shall retain the high 
reputation which they have hitherto 
sustained — It will also be their con- 
stant endeavor to improve the quality 
of them in every particular. They 
flatter themselves also, that their old 
friends will not only continue their 
favors, but thatprinters generally will 
appreciate their endeavors to furnish 
the very best articles at barely remu- 
nerating prices. 

Orders from any part of the coun- 
try for all articles by Printers and 
Binders, including Type, Ink, Paper, 
etc., will be executed with the great- 
est care and promptitude, and on the 
best terms. 

Jobbing work and repairing will be 
done at the lowest possible prices, with 
every atention and expedition. 

N. B. — All articles manufactured 
by this establishment will be stampt 
R. HOE 8c CO., so that persons from 
abroad may not be imposed upon with 
spurious articles made in imitation 
of theirs. 

Printers of Newspapers who pub- 
lish this advertisement with this note, 
three times before the first of July 
next, and send one of their papers to 
us, will be entitled to payment on their 
bill on buying four times the amount 
of it. 


Every number embellished with an ori- 
ginal and exquisite design on steel. 


Illustrated by J. C. Chapman, who 
is engaged exclusively for the work. 
Terms---Three Dollars per annum. 
Single numbers 6 1-4 cents. 

In the course of a few weeks the 
undersigned will commence, on his 
own account, the publication of a new 
series of the New York Mirror, in the 
octavo form, on an entirely novel and 
original plan, with a steed engraving in 
every number and at the reduced price 
of three dollars per anum, or six and a 
quarter cents per copy. 

The New Mirror will appear with 
many striking and attractive features, 
distinguishing it from every other pe- 
riodical. It will be published with 
new type, on fine paper, and each 
number will contain a beautiful origin- 
al engraving on steel, designed and 
etched by Chapman, illustrating the 
letterpress which it accompanies, and 
which it will invest with peculiar in- 
terest. Besides the contributions of 
all our extensive corps of correspond- 
ents — which embraces most of the tal- 
ent of this country — we have made 
arrangements for fresh and early trans- 
lations from some of the best writers 
in France, and England. With such 
materials, and with such able fellow 
laborers in the literary vineyard, we 
hope to present to the American rea- 
der a weekly journal of great value and 
unusual excellence. The parade of 
mere names will be sedulously avoided. 
The Mirror will be remarkable, we 
hope, rather for good articles without 
names, than for poor articles with dis- 
tinguished names. It will embrace in 
its scope every department of elegant 
literature, comprising tales of romance, 
sketches of society and manners, sen- 
timent, and every day life, piquant es- 
says, domestic and foreign correspond- 
ence, literary intelligence, wit and hu- 
mor, fashion and gossip, poetry, the 
fine arts, and literary, musical and dar- 
matic criticisms. Its reviews of new 
works will be careful, discriminating 
and impartal. It will aim to foster a 
literature suited to the taste and de- 
sires of the age and country. Its ten- 
dency will be cheerful and enlivening, 
as well as improving. It will seek to 
gratify every refined taste, but never 
to offend the most fastidious; and it 
will ever feel its duty to be, to “turn 
the sunny side of things to human 

The work will be published every 
Saturday, in numbers of sixteen large 
octavo super royal pages, with double 
columns, and enclosed in a neat orna- 
mental cover. It will form at the end 
of the year two superb volumes, each 
of four hundred and sixteen pages, 
filled with the gems of literature and 
the fine arts. 

The very low price at which it will 
be issued rendersitthe cheapest peri- 
odical in this or any other oountry. 



Weekly Dollar Message. 

It is now nearly one year since the 
undersigned commenced the publica- 
tion of the Weekly Dollar Message, a 
paper made up from the contents of 
the Daily Morning Message, which 
has been in existence nearly two years 
enjoying tha best reputation of any pa- 
per in the Queen City for the early dis- 
semination of intelligence and variety 
of interesting matter — comprising Lit- 
erature, Poetry, Miscellany, the Cur- 
rent News of the day, Foreign and 
Domestic; carefully avoiding, however 
the least partizan bias in politics. It 
is equal in size and execotion to any 
weekly in this city, containing as much 
larger amount of reading matter, and 
at the same time afforded at one half 
the price of the cheapest of them. 
It combines more completely than any 
of its Eastern rivals the distinguish- 
ing characteristics of a literary jour- 
nal with those of a regular and sys- 
tematic chronicle of passing events. 

But the unparalleled patronage, 
from every section of the country, is 
the best evidence of its approval. The 
Weekly already has a circulation of 
over two thousand copies, and is in- 
creasing at the rate of from 50 to 100 
per week. 

For the best original Tale, not ex- 
ceeding in length 30 pages of common 
foolscap manuscript, 


And for the best original Poem, not 
exceeding 100 lines nor less than 50, 

The Prize Tale and Poem to be 
published in the first No. of the 2nd vol., 
which will be issued on the 15th day 
of July next, at which time the prizes 
will be placed in the hands of the 
committee, subject to the orders of 
those to whom they may be awarded, 

The following literary gentlemen 
have been appointed a committee, to 
whom the productions of all competit- 
ors for the above prizes will be sub- 
mitted for decision, and from whose 
high standing in society, the most strict 
impartiality may be relied on: 

Elam P. Langdon, Jas H. Perkins, 

C. Nichols, Geo. S. Bennett; 

Joseph McClure.